Ngwenya Mine and Lion Cavern

Ngwenya Iron Ore Mine

(Updated by Bob Forrester, December 2005)

Ngwenya Mine Visitor Centre: The building is perched dramatically on the rim of the vast open cast pit and provides displays and artefacts relating to mining. Subjects covered include geology, early hominid tool evolution, the use of specularite, the San /Bushman phase, the arrival of black iron using settlers, the colonial era and the modern mine. A steam engine and replica of an iron age furnace complete the history of the mine.

Ngwenya Mine Walk
Ngwenya Mine Walk
The centre opens at 8 in the morning and closes at 4 in the afternoon 365 days a year. The tar route to the mine from the Oshoek / Mbabane highway is clearly signposted as 'Old Ngwenya Mine'.

Lion Cavern
Lion Cavern
A well-informed guide can take you to the Visitor Centre and the world's oldest mine. The price is included in the entrance fee, both attractions take about one and a half to two hours to complete. The drive to the ancient mine can be undertaken by all vehicles. There is secure parking and it is an easy fifteen minute walk from the parking lot to the ancient mine. The view from the mine into the Steynsdorp Valley is superb.

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