This website has been revised,
please click here for the new website pages.


Index
Mlawula's Climate
Mlawula's Geology
Mlawula's Fauna
Mlawula's Vegetation
Mlawula Flora Checklist
Mlawula's Research Programme
Mlawula Nature Reserve

Mlawula Nature Reserve's Flora

The flora of the reserve comprises about 1035 plant species including 55 alien species.

Aerangis     Sanseveira

For a detailed listing of species, see Mlawula Flora Checklist

Information on vegetation types

Species of Conservation Significance

Due to the current poor level of knowledge of the status and distribution of plant species in Swaziland, it is difficult to determine which species should be given priority for conservation. However, a provisional list of twenty one species has been drawn up based on available regional and international status information, local rarity and regional distribution:

Conservation status
Species 1 2 3 4 5
Encephalartos lebomboensis
Encephalartos umbeluziensis
Aloe cooperi
subsp. cooperi
Aloe dewetii
Aloe dyeri
Aloe keithii
Aloe rupestris
Haworthia limifolia
var. ubomboensis
Gladiolus brachyphyllus
Gladiolus hollandii
Gladiolus varius
var. varius
Xylopia parviflora
Cordyla africana
Tephrosia gobensis
Euphorbia keithii
Hippocratea longipetiolata
Vitellariopsis dispar
Pachypodium saundersii
Cynanchum gerrardii
Pachycymbium ubomboense
Metarungia longistrobis
Pavetta barbertonensis
B4
B2
B4
B3
B2
A?
B3
A
B2/C
B2/C
B2
B2?/C
C
A/B2?
A
B2
B2
B5
A?/C
A?
B2/C
B3
R
LF
VR


LF
O
LF




VR

R


R



R
U



U


R
R
R
R
R

U

R
I

R
U
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R

R
R
R
nt
nt

U

R
I

R
R
R
m
m
m
m

m
m
m
m?
m?
m?

m


m

m

m

m

Key to conservation status codes:

1
A
B(2 10)
C
D

2
VR
R
O
LF
F
LA
A
VA

3
R
I
U
nt

4
R
I
U
nt

5
m
Regional distribution
Swaziland endemic
Southern African endemic (number of countries/provinces)
African endemic
not endemic

Distribution within reserve
very rare
rare
occasional
locally frequent
frequent
locally abundant
abundant
very abundant

Status within region
rare
indeterminate
uncertain whether safe or not
neither rare nor threatened

World status
rare
indeterminate
uncertain whether safe or not
neither rare nor threatened


Possible medicinal usage

Alien plants

Fifty five alien plant species of mainly South American origin occur in the reserve. Many alien plants are carried into the reserve by the Mbuluzi and Mlawula rivers. The most problematic aliens are Chromolaena odorata, Lantana camara and Melia azederach. The savanna areas have been colonised by a number of alien herbaceous species, especially Parthenium hysterophorus, as a consequence of overstocking.


Mlawula:  Climate  Geology  Flora  Fauna  Archaeology
Programmes:  Environmental Education Community Outreach Research

Index  Introduction  Cultural Resources  Nature Reserves  Tourism
Biodiversity  Objectives/Legislation  Programmes  Miscellaneous