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Swaziland's Flora - siSwati Names and Uses

Compiled by Chris Long, © December 2005

Isolepis
   costata    (Sedge)  umuzi,
      Cultural: Widow's headdress
      Household: Beer strainers
Indigofera
   confusa    (African Indigo)  chubhujeje,
      Dyes: Roots produce a blue dye for mats and baskets.
      Medicinal: Roots for infertilty, menstrual cramps, gonorrhoea & stomach pains.
   dimidiata   
      Cultural: Used in mourning rites & as good luck charm
      Medicinal: Medicinal for fevers
   eriocarpa   
      Medicinal: Medicinal for dysentary.
   hedyantha    (Blackbud Indigo)  ilidolo-lendoda,  uluhlomantethe,
      Cultural: Good luch charm.
      Medicinal: Medicinal for fevers.
   hilaris var. hilaris    (Red Indigo Bush)  chubhujeje,
   hybrida    (Indigo)  chubhujeje,
   longebarbata    (Indigo)  chubhujeje,
   melanadenia    (Indigo)  chubhujeje,
   mollicoma    (Indigo)  chubhujeje,
   sanguinea    (Indigo)  chubhujeje,
   spicata var. spicata    (Indigo)  uhlomantethe,
   tinctoria var. arcuata   
      Dyes: Production of indigo blue dye, which replaced woad as a major dye.
      Medicinal: Leaves for neuralgea
   velutina    (Grey-leaved Indigo)  isikhubabende,  isiphungo,  umphendulobomvu,
Ilex
   mitis var. mitis    (Cape Holly)  inchitsamuti,  incitamuzi,  libofa,  libota,
      Cultural: If taken to homestead the family will fall apart. Cannot be burnt. Pieces of bark can be used as divining dice & witchcraft protection.
      Household: Wood makes good furniture but not often used.
      Medicinal: Bark is purgative & enema. Leaves also medicinal.
      Food: Edible fruits. Birds love them.
Impatiens
   hochstetteri    (Wild Impatiens)  ihula,  umadolwane,
      Medicinal: Remedies from leaves & stems for eczema
          subsp. angolensis
          subsp. hochstetteri
Ipomoea
   albivenia    (Wooden Rose Creeper)  imibuzana,  ubatata wentaba,  umgwiligwili,  ungubasiswana,
      Medicinal: Medicinal to purify blood
      Food: Edible tubers
   bolusiana   
      Food: Vegetable. Edible roots
   cairica var. cairica    (Morning Glory)  ihlambe,  ijalamu,  intana,  umaholwana,
      Cultural: Used for purification after funerals.
      Medicinal: Medicinal for rashes.
   coscinosperma     umdzandzabuka,
   crassipes    (Leafy-flowered Ipomoea)  vimbukhalo,
      Medicinal: Medicinal for dysentary, sores & hiccups.
      Food: Roots eaten raw.
   ficifolia   
      Medicinal: Medicinal for stomach disorders & snakebites
   oblongata     bhogo,  bhoqu,  ubhogo,  ubhoqo,
      Food: Edible roots.
   obscura var. obscura    (Morning Glory Plant)  umdzandzabuka,
      Medicinal: Hallucinogenic
      Food: Leaves cooked as relish
   papilio   
      Food: Young leaves cooked as spinach.
   pellita    (Grassland Ipomoea)  ubhoqo,
      Cultural: Love charm & protection from lightning.
      Food: Edible tuberous roots. A famine food.
   plebeia subsp. africana     umdzandzabuka,
   purpurea *    (Common Morning Glory)  ijalapha,  ijalmu,  ubhoqo,
      Cultural: Protective and love charm.
      Medicinal: Medicinal for stomach disorders & purify blood. Seeds hallucinogenic.
      Food: Roots are a famine food.
   sinensis subsp. blepharosepala     umdzandzabuka,
Isoglossa
   ciliata   
      Honey: Honey
Imperata
   cylindrica    (Speargrass)  umtsentse,
      Cultural: Traditional uses.
      Soil Conservation: Erosion control but tends to be invasive.
      Household: Handicrafts
      Food: Edible root
Indigastrum
   fastigiatum    (Slender Indigo)  uluhlomantethe,
      Cultural: Good luck charm.
      Medicinal: Medicinal for headaches.


Botanical order | SiSwati (alphabetical) | Usage (by category)

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