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Checklist of Mammals of Swaziland

Contributed by: Ara Monadjem, University of Swaziland, Private Bag 4, Kwaluseni, Swaziland, AMonadjem@iafrica.sz

Listed below are all the mammal species recorded from Swaziland and the vegetation types from which they were recorded:

SG = sour mountain grassland;
MG = moist grassveld;
DG = dry grassveld;
MS = moist savanna;
DS = dry savanna;
MB = mixed bushveld.

Open circles = introduced species

*The distribution of this species is associated only with human settlement.

**Extinct within Swaziland, although vagrants do occasionally enter the country.

Order and species Common Name SG MG DG MS DS MB
Macroselidea
Elephantulus brachyrhynchus
 
Short-snouted elephant-shrew
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Insectivora
Myosorex varius
Myosorex cafer
Suncus lixus
Suncus infinitesimus
Crocidura flavescens
Crocidura cyanea
Crocidura hirta
Crocidura mariquensis
Crocidura maquassiensis
Crocidura fuscomurina
Crocidura silacea
Amblysomus hottentotus
 
Forest shrew
Dark-footed forest shrew
Greater dwarf shrew
Least dwarf shrew
Greater musk shrew
Reddish-grey musk shrew
Lesser red musk shrew
Swamp musk shrew
Maquassie musk shrew
Tiny musk shrew
Peters' musk shrew
Hottentot golden mole
 






 

 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

 


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
Chiroptera
Epomophorus wahlbergi
Epomophorus crypturus
Taphozous mauritianus
Nycteris thebaica
Rhinolophus clivosus
Rhinolophus darlingi
Rhinolophus simulator
Hipposideros caffer
Cleotis percivali
Miniopterus schreibersii
Miniopterus fraterculus
Nycticeius schlieffenii
Pipistrellus nanus
Pipistrellus kuhlii
Eptesicus capensis
Scotophilus dinganii
Tadarida condylura
Tadarida pumila
Tadarida aegyptiaca
 
Wahlberg's epauletted fruit bat
Peters' epauletted fruit bat
Tomb bat
Common slit-faced bat
Geoffroy's horseshoe bat
Darling's horseshoe bat
Bushveld horseshoe bat
Sundevall's leaf-nosed bat
Short-eared trident bat
Shreibers' long-fingered bat
Lesser long-fingered bat
Schlieffen's bat
Banana bat
Kuhl's bat
Cape serotine bat
Yellow house bat
Angola free-tailed bat
Little free-tailed bat
Egyptian free-tailed bat
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 


 

 

 
 
 
 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 




 

 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


 
 

 
 

 
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 




 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


 

 
 

 

 

 
 
 

 
 
 
 


 
Primates
Papio ursinus
Cercopithecus aethiops
Cercopithecus mitis
Galago crassicaudatus
 
Chacma baboon
Samango monkey
Vervet monkey
Thick-tailed bushbaby
 


 

 


 

 
 

 

 


 

 


 

 




Pholidota
Manis temminckii
 
Pangolin
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lagomorpha
Pronolagus crassicaudatus
Lepus saxatilis
 
Natal red rock rabbit
Scrub hare
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Rodentia
Cryptomys hottentotus
Thryonomys swinderianus
Hystrix africaeaustralis
Graphiurus platyops
Graphiurus murinus
Aethomys namaquensis
Aethomys chrysophilus
Dasymys incomtus
Lemniscomys rosalia
Rhabdomys pumilio
Mus minutoides
Mastomys natalensis
Mastomys coucha
Rattus rattus*
Thallomys paedulcus
Grammomys dolichurus
Saccostomus campestris
Dendromus melanotis
Dendromus mesomelas
Dendromus mystacalis
Steatomys pratensis
Tatera leucogaster
Otomys angoniensis
Otomys irroratus
 
Common molerat
Greater canerat
Porcupine
Rock dormouse
Woodland dormouse
Namaqua rock mouse
Red veld rat
Water rat
Single-striped mouse
Striped mouse
Pygmy mouse
Natal multimammate mouse
Multimammate mouse
House rat
Tree mouse
Woodland mouse
Pouched mouse
Grey climbing mouse
Brant's climbing mouse
Chestnut climbing mouse
Fat mouse
Bushveld gerbil
Angoni vlei rat
Vlei rat
 







 
 


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Carnivora
Lycaon pictus**
Vulpes chama
Canis adustus
Canis mesomelas
Aonyx capensis
Mellivora capensis
Ictonyx striatus
Poecilogale albinucha
Viverra civetta
Genetta tigrina
Herpestes ichneumon
Galerella sanguineus
Rhyncogale melleri
Ichneumia albicauda
Atilax paludinosus
Mungos mungo
Helogale parvula
Proteles cristatus
Crocuta crocuta
Acinonyx jubatus
Panthera pardus
Panthera leo
Felis serval
Felis caracal
Felis lybica
 
Wild dog
Cape fox
Side-striped jackal
Black-backed jackal
Cape clawless otter
Honey badger
Striped polecat
Striped weasel
African civet
Large-spotted genet
Large grey mongoose
Slender mongoose
Meller's mongoose
White-tailed mongoose
Water mongoose
Banded mongoose
Dwarf mongoose
Aardwolf
Spotted hyaena
Cheetah
Leopard
Lion
Serval
Caracal
African wild cat
 
 


 

 
 
 


 

 
 
 
 
 

 
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 


 




 

 


 
 
 
 
 

 


 
 
 
 
 


 

 


 

 
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 





 


 






 
 
 
 
 


 
 
 
 





 


 

 
 



 

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Tubulidentata
Orycteropus afer
 
Antbear
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Proboscidea
Loxondonta africana
 
Elephant
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Hyracoidea
Procavia capensis
 
Rock dassie
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Perissodactyla
Ceratotherium simum
Diceros bicornis
Equus burchelli
 
Square-lipped rhinoceros
Hook-lipped rhinoceros
Burchell's zebra
 
 
 
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Artiodactyla
Potamochoerus porcus
Phacochoerus aethiopicus
Hippopotamus amphibius
Giraffa camelopardalis
Syncerus caffer
Tragelaphus angasii
Tragelaphus scriptus
Tragelaphus strepsiceros
Taurotragus oryx
Cephalophus natalensis
Sylvicapra grimmia
Redunca arundinum
Redunca fulvorufula
Kobus ellipsiprymnus
Hippotragus niger
Hippotragus equinus
Connochaetes gnou
Connochaetes taurinus
Alcelaphus buselaphus
Damaliscus dorcus
Damaliscus lunulatus
Aepyceros melampus
Oreortagus oreotragus
Ourebia ourebi
Raphicerus campestris
Raphicerus sharpei
Pelea capreolus
 
Bushpig
Warthog
Hippopotamus
Giraffe
Buffalo
Nyala
Bushbuck
Kudu
Eland
Red duiker
Common duiker
Reedbuck
Mountain reedbuck
Waterbuck
Sable
Roan
Black wildebeest
Blue wildebeest
Red hartebeest
Blesbok
Tsessebe
Impala
Klipspringer
Oribi
Steenbok
Sharpe's grysbok
Grey rhebok
 

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Mammals of Swaziland
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