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Swaziland's Biodiversity
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Swaziland's Fauna

Swaziland Bird Checklist

by Vincent Parker

Contents:
 Introduction
 Species List
 Appendix 1
 Appendix 2
 Acknowledgements

Published by: The Conservation Trust of Swaziland, 1992

Introduction

The checklist lists all bird species recorded in Swaziland between 1985 and 1991 inclusive. Appendix 1 lists those species which were recorded prior to 1985 and have not been recorded since. Appendix 2 lists those species recorded in Swaziland for which further confirmation is required.

The English name for each species is preceded by its Roberts number (the number assigned in "Roberts Birds of Southern Africa" by Gordon Maclean) and followed by its scientific name.

The status and range of each species is briefly described. The relative abundance is described by assigning each species to one of four categories according to the frequency with which the species has been recorded on field cards submitted to the Swaziland Bird Atlas Project. The categories used are: very common (species recorded on more than 50% of the field cards); common (on 15-50%); uncommon (on 1-15%); and rare (on less than 1%). Those species for which the total population is believed to be fewer than 50 breeding adults are described as rare irrespective of the recording frequency. The term "visitor" is used when it is not certain whether the species is a migrant or vagrant or perhaps resident.

The range of each species is described with reference to the four major topological regions of Swaziland as described below:

Swaziland - Major topological regions:
H = Highveld
M = Middleveld
L = Lowveld
LU = Lubombos

The status, range and habitat preference of each species will be described in detail in the Swaziland Bird Atlas.

Species List

1. Ostrich (Struthio camelus)
     Introduced. Uncommon resident in the middleveld and lowveld.

6. Great crested grebe (Podiceps cristatus)
     Rare vagrant in the highveld and lowveld.

7. Blacknecked grebe (Podiceps nigricollis)
Rare vagrant in the middleveld.

8. Dabchick (Tachybaptus ruficollis)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

49. White pelican (Pelecanus onocrotalus)
     Rare vagrant in the lowveld.

50. Pinkbacked pelican (Pelecanus rufescens)
     Rare visitor in the lowveld.

55. Whitebreasted cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo)
     Uncommon breeding resident in all regions.

58. Reed cormorant (Phalacrocorax africanus)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

60. Darter (Anhinga melanogaster)
     Uncommon breeding resident in all regions.

62. Grey heron (Ardea cinerea)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

63. Blackheaded heron (Ardea melanocephala)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

64. Goliath heron (Ardea goliath)
     Rare breeding resident in the lowveld.

65. Purple heron (Ardea purpurea)
     Uncommon breeding resident in all regions.

66. Great white egret (Egretta alba)
     Uncommon breeding resident in all regions.

67. Little egret (Egretta garzetta)
     Uncommon breeding resident in all regions.

68. Yellowbilled egret (Egretta intermedia)
     Uncommon visitor in all regions.

69. Black egret (Egretta ardesiaca)
     Rare vagrant in the lowveld and middleveld.

71. Cattle egret (Bubulcus ibis)
     Very common breeding resident in all regions.

72. Squacco heron (Ardeola ralloides)
     Uncommon visitor in the lowveld.

74. Greenbacked heron (Butorides striatus)
     Common breeding resident in the middleveld and lowveld.

75. Rufousbellied heron (Butorides rufiventris)
     Rare vagrant in the lowveld and middleveld.

76. Blackcrowned night heron (Nycticorax nictycorax)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the middleveld and lowveld.

77. Whitebacked night heron (Gorsachius leuconotus)
     Rare breeding resident in the lowveld.

78. Little bittern (Ixobrychus minutus)
     Uncommon summer migrant in all regions.

79. Dwarf bittern (Ixobrychus sturmii)
     Uncommon summer migrant in the lowveld.

81. Hamerkop (Scopus umbretta)
     Very common breeding resident in all regions.

83. White stork (Ciconia ciconia)
     Uncommon summer migrant in all regions.

84. Black stork (Ciconia nigra)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the Lubombos and the lowveld.

85. Abdims stork (Ciconia abdimii)
     Rare summer migrant in the middleveld.

86. Woollynecked stork (Ciconia episcopus)
     Uncommon visitor in the lowveld and Lubombos.

87. Openbilled stork (Anastomus lamelligerus)
     Uncommon visitor in the lowveld.

88. Saddlebilled stork (Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis)
     Rare breeding resident in the lowveld.

89. Marabou stork (Leptoptilos crumeniferus)
     Rare breeding resident in the lowveld.

90. Yellowbilled stork (Mycteria ibis)
     Uncommon visitor in the lowveld.

91. Sacred ibis (Threskiornis aethiopicus)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the middleveld and lowveld.

92. Bald ibis (Geronticus calvus)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld.

93. Glossy ibis (Plegadis falcinellus)
     Uncommon visitor in all regions.

94. Hadeda ibis (Bostrychia hagedash)
     Very common breeding resident in all regions.

95. African spoonbill (Platalea alba)
     Uncommon visitor in all regions.

96. Greater flamingo (Phoenicopterus ruber)
     Rare vagrant in the lowveld.

97. Lesser flamingo (Phoenicopterus minor)
     Rare vagrant in the lowveld.

99. Whitefaced duck (Dendrocygna viduata)
     Common breeding resident in the lowveld, middleveld and Lubombos.

100. Fulvous duck (Dendrocygna bicolor)
     Uncommon visitor in all regions.

101. Whitebacked duck (Thalassornis leuconotus)
     Rare breeding resident in all regions.

102. Egyptian goose (Alopochen aegyptiacus)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

104. Yellowbilled duck (Anas undulata)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld and middleveld.

105. African black duck (Anas sparsa)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

106. Cape teal (Anas capensis)
     Rare vagrant in the lowveld and middleveld.

107. Hottentot teal (Anas hottentota)
     Rare vagrant in all regions.

108. Redbilled teal (Anas erythrorhyncha)
     Uncommon breeding resident in all regions.

112. Cape shoveller (Anas smithii)
     Rare vagrant in all regions.

113. Southern pochard (Netta erythrophthalma)
     Uncommon visitor in all regions.

114. Pygmy goose (Nettapus auritus)
     Uncommon visitor in the lowveld.

115. Knobbilled duck (Sarkidiornis melanotos)
     Uncommon visitor in all regions.

116. Spurwinged goose (Plectopterus gambensis)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

117. Maccoa duck (Oxyura maccoa)
     Rare vagrant in the highveld.

118. Secretarybird (Sagittarius serpentarius)
     Uncommon breeding resident in all regions.

121. Hooded vulture (Necrosyrtes monachus)
     Rare visitor in the lowveld and Lubombos.

122. Cape vulture (Gyps coprotheres)
     Uncommon visitor in the lowveld and Lubombos.

123. Whitebacked vulture (Gyps africanus)
     Common breeding resident in the lowveld.

124. Lappetfaced vulture (Torgos tracheliotus)
     Rare breeding resident in the lowveld.

125. Whiteheaded vulture (Trigonoceps occipitalis)
     Rare breeding resident in the lowveld.

126. Yellowbilled kite (Milvus migrans parasitus)
     Common summer migrant in all regions.

126. Black kite (Milvus migrans migrans)
     Rare summer migrant in all regions.

127. Blackshouldered kite (Elanus caeruleus)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

128. Cuckoo hawk (Aviceda cuculoides)
     Uncommon breeding resident in all regions.

131. Black eagle (Aquila verreauxii)
     Rare breeding resident in the highveld.

132. Tawny eagle (Aquila rapax)
     Rare breeding resident in the lowveld.

133. Steppe eagle (Aquila nipalensis)
     Uncommon summer migrant in the lowveld.

134. Lesser spotted eagle (Aquila pomarina)
     Rare vagrant in the lowveld.

135. Wahlbergs eagle (Aquila wahlbergi)
     Uncommon breeding summer migrant in the lowveld.

136. Booted eagle (Hieraaetus pennatus)
     Uncommon summer migrant in all regions.

137. African hawk eagle (Hieraaetus fasciatus)
     Rare breeding resident in the lowveld.

139. Longcrested eagle (Lophaetus occipitalis)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the middleveld and lowveld.

140. Martial eagle (Polemaetus bellicosus)
     Rare breeding resident in the middleveld and lowveld.

141. Crowned eagle (Stephanoaetus coronatus)
     Rare breeding resident in the highveld, middleveld and Lubombos.

142. Brown snake eagle (Circaetus cinereus)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the middleveld and lowveld.

143. Blackbreasted snake eagle (Circaetus gallicus)
     Rare breeding resident in all regions.

146. Bateleur (Terathopius ecaudatus)
     Rare breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

148. African fish eagle (Haliaeetus vocifer)
     Rare breeding resident in the middleveld and lowveld.

149. Steppe buzzard (Buteo buteo)
     Very common summer migrant in all regions.

152. Jackal buzzard (Buteo rufofuscus)
     Common breeding resident in the highveld and Lubombos.

154. Lizard buzzard (Kaupifalco monogrammicus)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the middleveld, Lubombos and lowveld.

155. Redbreasted sparrowhawk (Accipiter rufiventris)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld.

156. Ovambo sparrowhawk (Accipiter ovampensis)
     Rare vagrant in the highveld.

157. Little sparrowhawk (Accipiter minullus)
     Uncommon breeding resident in all regions.

158. Black sparrowhawk (Accipiter melanoleucus)
     Uncommon breeding resident in all regions.

159. Little banded goshawk (Accipiter badius)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the lowveld.

160. African goshawk (Accipiter tachiro)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

161. Gabar goshawk (Micronisus gabar)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the lowveld.

163. Dark chanting goshawk (Melierax metabates)
     Rare vagrant in the lowveld.

165. African marsh harrier (Circus ranivorus)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld and middleveld.

166. Montagus harrier (Circus pygargus)
     Rare summer migrant in the lowveld.

169. Gymnogene (Polyboroides typus)
     Uncommon breeding resident in all regions.

170. Osprey (Pandion haliaetus)
     Rare summer migrant in the middleveld and lowveld.

171. Peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus)
     Rare breeding resident in the Lubombos.

172. Lanner falcon (Falco biarmicus)
     Uncommon breeding resident in all regions.

173. Hobby falcon (Falco subbuteo)
     Uncommon summer migrant in all regions.

179. Western redfooted kestel (Falco vespertinus)
     Rare vagrant in the lowveld.

180. Eastern redfooted kestrel (Falco amurensis)
     Uncommon summer migrant in all regions.

181. Rock kestrel (Falco tinnunculus)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld and Lubombos.

183. Lesser kestrel (Falco naumanni)
     Rare vagrant in the lowveld.

188. Coqui francolin (Francolinus coqui)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

189. Crested francolin (Francolinus sephaena)
     Common breeding resident in the lowveld.

191. Shelleys francolin (Francolinus shelleyi)
     Common breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

192. Redwing francolin (Francolinus levaillantii)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld.

196. Natal francolin (Francolinus natalensis)
     Common breeding resident in the highveld, middleveld and Lubombos.

198. Rednecked francolin (Francolinus afer)
     Rare breeding resident in the highveld.

199. Swainsons francolin (Francolinus swainsonii)
     Uncommon breeding resident in all regions.

200. Common quail (Coturnix coturnix)
     Uncommon breeding resident in all regions.

201. Harlequin quail (Coturnix delagorguei)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the middleveld and lowveld.

203. Helmeted guineafowl (Numida meleagris)
     Common breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

204. Crested guineafowl (Guttera pucherani)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the lowveld and Lubombos.

205. Kurrichane buttonquail (Turnix sylvatica)
     Uncommon breeding resident in all regions.

206. Blackrumped buttonquail (Turnix hottentotta)
     Rare breeding resident in all regions.

208. Blue crane (Anthropoides paradisea)
     Rare breeding summer migrant in the highveld.

209. Crowned crane (Balearica regulorum)
     Rare visitor in the highveld, middleveld and lowveld.

210. African rail (Rallus caerulescens)
     Uncommon breeding resident in all regions.

211. Corncrake (Crex crex)
     Rare summer migrant in the highveld and lowveld.

212. African crake (Crex egregia)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the lowveld.

213. Black crake (Amourornis flavirostris)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

215. Baillons crake (Porzana pusilla)
     Rare visitor in the lowveld.

217. Redchested flufftail (Sarothrura rufa)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld, middleveld and lowveld.

218. Buffspotted flufftail (Sarothrura elegans)
     Uncommon breeding resident in all regions.

221. Striped flufftail (Sarothrura affinus)
     Rare breeding resident in the highveld.

223. Purple gallinule (Porphyrio porphyrio)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the middleveld and lowveld.

224. Lesser gallinule (Porphyrula alleni)
     Rare vagrant in the lowveld.

226. Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus)
     Uncommon breeding resident in all regions.

227. Lesser moorhen (Gallinula angulata)
     Uncommon breeding summer migrant in the lowveld and Lubombos.

228. Redknobbed coot (Fulica cristata)
     Uncommon breeding resident in all regions.

229. African finfoot (Podica senegalensis)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the middleveld and lowveld.

231. Stanleys bustard (Neotis denhami)
     Rare breeding resident in the highveld.

233. Whitebellied korhaan (Eupodotis cafra)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld.

237. Redcrested korhaan (Eupodotis ruficrista)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the lowveld.

238. Blackbellied korhaan (Eupodotis melanogaster)
     Uncommon breeding resident in all regions.

240. African jacana (Actophilornis africana)
     Common breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

241. Lesser jacana (Microparra capensis)
     Uncommon visitor in the lowveld.

242. Painted snipe (Rostratula benghalensis)
     Uncommon visitor in the middleveld and lowveld.

245. Ringed plover (Charadrius hiaticula)
     Rare summer migrant in the middleveld and lowveld.

246. Whitefronted plover (Charadrius marginatus)
     Rare vagrant in the lowveld.

248. Kittlitz plover (Charadrius pecuarius)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the middleveld and lowveld.

249. Threebanded plover (Charadrius tricollaris)
     Common breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

252. Caspian plover (Charadrius asiaticus)
     Rare vagrant in the lowveld.

254. Grey plover (Pluvialis squatarola)
     Rare vagrant in the lowveld.

255. Crowned plover (Vanellus coronatus)
     Common breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

256. Lesser blackwinged plover (Vanellus lugubris)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the lowveld.

257. Blackwinged plover (Vanellus melanopterus)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld.

258. Blacksmith plover (Vanellus armatus)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

260. Wattled plover (Vanellus senegallus)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

262. Turnstone (Arenaria interpres)
     Rare vagrant in the lowveld.

263. Terek sandpiper (Xenus cinereus)
     Rare vagrant in the lowveld.

264. Common sandpiper (Tringa hypoleucos)
     Very common summer migrant in all regions.

265. Green sandpiper (Tringa ochropus)
     Rare summer migrant in the lowveld.

266. Wood sandpiper (Tringa glareola)
     Common summer migrant in all regions.

269. Marsh sandpiper (Tringa stagnatilis)
     Uncommon summer migrant in all regions.

270. Greenshank (Tringa nebularia)
     Common summer migrant in all regions.

272. Curlew sandpiper (Calidris ferruginea)
     Uncommon summer migrant in the middleveld and lowveld.

274. Little stint (Calidris minuta)
     Uncommon summer migrant in the middleveld and lowveld.

281. Sanderling (Calidris alba)
     Rare vagrant in the lowveld.

284. Ruff (Philomachus pugnax)
     Uncommon summer migrant in all regions.

286. Ethiopian snipe (Gallinago nigripennis)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld and middleveld.

294. Avocet (Recurvirostra avosetta)
     Rare visitor in all regions.

295. Blackwinged stilt (Himantopus himantopus)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the middleveld and lowveld.

297. Spotted dikkop (Burhinus capensis)
     Uncommon breeding resident in all regions.

298. Water dikkop (Burhinus vermiculatus)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the middleveld and lowveld.

300. Temmincks courser (Cursorius temminckii)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

303. Bronzewinged courser (Rhinoptilus chalcopterus)
     Rare breeding resident in the lowveld.

304. Redwinged pratincole (Glareola pratincola)
     Rare breeding summer migrant in the lowveld.

315. Greyheaded gull (Larus cirrocephalus)
     Uncommon visitor in the middleveld and lowveld.

322. Caspian tern (Hydroprogne caspia)
     Rare vagrant in the middleveld and lowveld.

338. Whiskered tern (Chlidonias hybridus)
     Uncommon breeding summer migrant in the highveld, middleveld and lowveld.

339. Whitewinged tern (Chlidonias leucopterus)
     Uncommon summer migrant in the middleveld and lowveld.

348. Feral pigeon (Columba livia)
     Introduced. Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld and middleveld.

349. Rock pigeon (Columba guinea)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld and Lubombos.

350. Rameron pigeon (Columba arquatrix)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld and Lubombos.

352. Redeyed dove (Streptopelia semitorquata)
     Very common breeding resident in all regions.

354. Cape turtle dove (Streptopelia capicola)
     Very common breeding resident in all regions.

355. Laughing dove (Streptopelia senegalensis)
     Common breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

356. Namaqua dove (Oena capensis)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the lowveld.

358. Greenspotted dove (Turtur chalcospilos)
     Very common breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

359. Tambourine dove (Turtur timpanistria)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

360. Cinnamon dove (Aplopelia larvata)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld and Lubombos.

361. Green pigeon (Treron calva)
     Common breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

363. Brownheaded parrot (Poicephalus cryptoxanthus)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the lowveld.

370. Knysna lourie (Tauraco corythaix)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld and Lubombos.

371. Purplecrested lourie (Tauraco porphyreolophus)
     Common breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

373. Grey lourie (Corythaixoides concolor)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the lowveld.

375. African cuckoo (Cuculus gularis)
     Common breeding summer migrant in all regions.

377. Redchested cuckoo (Cuculus solitarius)
     Very common breeding summer migrant in all regions.

378. Black cuckoo (Cuculus clamosus)
     Common breeding summer migrant in all regions.

380. Great spotted cuckoo (Clamator glandarius)
     Uncommon breeding summer migrant in the lowveld.

381. Striped cuckoo (Clamator levaillantii)
     Uncommon breeding summer migrant in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

382. Jacobin cuckoo (Clamator jacobinus)
     Uncommon breeding summer migrant in all regions.

383. Thickbilled cuckoo (Pachycoccyx audeberti)
     Rare breeding summer migrant in the lowveld.

384. Emerald cuckoo (Chrysococcyx cupreus)
     Uncommon breeding summer migrant in all regions.

385. Klaass cuckoo (Chrysococcyx klaas)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

386. Diederik cuckoo (Chrysococcyx caprius)
     Common breeding summer migrant in all regions.

388. Black coucal (Centropus bengalensis)
     Rare breeding summer migrant in the lowveld.

391. Burchells coucal (Centropus superciliosus)
     Common breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

392. Barn owl (Tyto alba)
     Uncommon breeding resident in all regions.

393. Grass owl (Tyto capensis)
     Rare breeding resident in the highveld, middleveld and lowveld.

394. Wood owl (Strix woodfordii)
     Uncommon breeding resident in all regions.

395. Marsh owl (Asio capensis)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld, middleveld and lowveld.

396. Scops owl (Otus senegalensis)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the lowveld.

397. Whitefaced owl (Otus leucotis)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the lowveld.

398. Pearlspotted owl (Glaucidium perlatum)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the lowveld.

399. Barred owl (Glaucidium capense)
     Rare breeding resident in the Lubombos

401. Spotted eagle owl (Bubo africanus)
     Uncommon breeding resident in all regions.

402. Giant eagle owl (Bubo lacteus)
     Rare breeding resident in the lowveld.

404. European nightjar (Caprimulgus europaeus)
     Rare summer migrant in the lowveld.

405. Fierynecked nightjar (Caprimulgus pectoralis)
     Common breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

408. Freckled nightjar (Caprimulgus tristigma)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld, middleveld and Lubombos.

409. Mozambique nightjar (Caprimulgus fossii)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the lowveld.

410. Pennantwinged nightjar (Macrodipteryx vexillaria)
     Rare summer migrant in the lowveld.

411. European swift (Apus apus)
     Uncommon summer migrant in all regions.

412. Black swift (Apus barbatus)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld and Lubombos.

415. Whiterumped swift (Apus caffer)
     Uncommon breeding summer migrant in all regions.

416. Horus swift (Apus horus)
     Uncommon breeding summer migrant in the highveld and middleveld.

417. Little swift (Apus affinis)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

418. Alpine swift (Apus melba)
     Uncommon visitor in all regions.

421. Palm swift (Cypsiurus parvus)
     Common breeding resident in the highveld, middleveld and Lubombos.

424. Speckled mousebird (Colius striatus)
     Very common breeding resident in all regions.

426. Redfaced mousebird (Colius indicus)
     Common breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

427. Narina trogon (Apaloderma nerina)
     Uncommon breeding resident in all regions.

428. Pied kingfisher (Ceryle rudis)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

429. Giant kingfisher (Ceryle maxima)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

430. Halfcollared kingfisher (Alcedo semitorquata)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld, middleveld and Lubombos.

431. Malachite kingfisher (Alcedo cristata)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

432. Pygmy kingfisher (Ispidina picta)
     Uncommon breeding summer migrant in all regions.

433. Woodland kingfisher (Halcyon senegalensis)
     Uncommon breeding summer migrant in the lowveld.

435. Brownhooded kingfisher (Halcyon albiventris)
     Very common breeding resident in all regions.

436. Greyhooded kingfisher (Halcyon leucocephala)
     Rare summer migrant in the lowveld.

437. Striped kingfisher (Halcyon chelicuti)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the middleveld and lowveld.

438. European bee-eater (Merops apiaster)
     Very common summer migrant in all regions.

440. Bluecheeked bee-eater (Merops persicus)
     Uncommon summer migrant in the lowveld.

441. Carmine bee-eater (Merops nubicoides)
     Uncommon summer migrant in the lowveld.

443. Whitefronted bee-eater (Merops bullockoides)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

444. Little bee-eater (Merops pusillus)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

446. European roller (Coracias garrulus)
     Uncommon summer migrant in the middleveld and lowveld.

447. Lilacbreasted roller (Coracias caudata)
     Common breeding resident in the lowveld.

449. Purple roller (Coracias naevia)
     Uncommon visitor in the lowveld.

450. Broadbilled roller (Eurystomus glaucurus)
     Rare breeding summer migrant in the lowveld.

451. Hoopoe (Upupa epops)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

452. Redbilled woodhoopoe (Phoeniculus purpureus)
     Common breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

454. Scimitarbilled woodhoopoe (Phoeniculus cyanomelas)
     Common breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

455. Trumpeter hornbill (Bycanistes bucinator)
     Uncommon breeding resident in all regions.

457. Grey hornbill (Tockus nasutus)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the lowveld.

458. Redbilled hornbill (Tockus erythrorhynchus)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the lowveld.

459. Yellowbilled hornbill (Tockus flavirostris)
     Common breeding resident in the lowveld.

460. Crowned hornbill (Tockus alboterminatus)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

463. Ground hornbill (Bucorvus leadbeateri)
     Rare breeding resident in the lowveld.

464. Blackcollared barbet (Lybius torquatus)
     Very common resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

465. Pied barbet (Lybius leucomelas)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the lowveld.

466. White-eared barbet (Stactolaema leucotis)
     Uncommon visitor in the Lubombos.

469. Redfronted tinkerbarbet (Pogoniulus pusillus)
     Common breeding resident in the lowveld and Lubombos.

470. Yellowfronted tinkerbarbet (Pogoniulus chrysoconus)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the middleveld and lowveld.

471. Goldenrumped tinkerbarbet (Pogoniulus bilineatus)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

473. Crested barbet (Trachyphonus vaillantii)
     Common breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

474. Greater honeyguide (Indicator indicator)
     Uncommon breeding resident in all regions.

475. Scalythroated honeyguide (Indicator variegatus)
     Uncommon breeding resident in all regions.

476. Lesser honeyguide (Indicator minor)
     Uncommon breeding resident in all regions.

478. Sharpbilled honeyguide (Prodotiscus regulus)
     Uncommon visitor in all regions.

480. Ground woodpecker (Geocolaptes olivaceus)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld.

481. Bennetts woodpecker (Campethera bennettii)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the lowveld.

483. Goldentailed woodpecker (Campethera abingoni)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

486. Cardinal woodpecker (Dendropicos fuscenscens)
     Common breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

487. Bearded woodpecker (Thripias namaquus)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the lowveld.

488. Olive woodpecker (Mesopicos griseocephalus)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld, middleveld and Lubombos.

489. Redthroated wryneck (Jynx ruficollis)
     Uncommon visitor in the highveld, middleveld and lowveld.

490. African broadbill (Smithornis capensis)
     Rare breeding resident in the Lubombos.

494. Rufousnaped lark (Mirafra africana)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

496. Flappet lark (Mirafra rufocinnamomea)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the lowveld and Lubombos.

498. Sabota lark (Mirafra sabota)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the lowveld.

500. Longbilled lark (Mirafra curvirostris)
     Rare visitor in the highveld.

505. Dusky lark (Pinarocorys nigricans)
     Rare visitor in the lowveld.

507. Redcapped lark (Calandrella cinerea)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld.

515. Chestnutbacked finchlark (Eremopterix leucotis)
     Rare visitor in the lowveld.

518. European swallow (Hirundo rustica)
     Very common summer migrant in all regions.

520. Whitethroated swallow (Hirundo albigularis)
     Common breeding resident in the highveld and middleveld.

521. Blue swallow (Hirundo atrocaerulea)
     Rare breeding summer migrant in the highveld.

522. Wiretailed swallow (Hirundo smithii)
     Uncommon breeding resident in all regions.

524. Redbreasted swallow (Hirundo semirufa)
     Uncommon breeding summer migrant in the middleveld and lowveld.

526. Greater striped swallow (Hirundo cucullata)
     Common breeding summer migrant in the highveld and middleveld.

527. Lesser striped swallow (Hirundo abyssinica)
     Very common breeding summer migrant in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

529. Rock martin (Hirundo fuligula)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld and Lubombos.

530. House martin (Delichon urbica)
     Uncommon summer migrant in all regions.

531. Greyrumped swallow (Pseudhirundo griseopyga)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld, middleveld and lowveld.

532. Sand martin (Riparia riparia)
     Rare summer migrant in all regions.

533. Brownthroated martin (Riparia paludicola)
     Uncommon breeding resident in all regions.

534. Banded martin (Riparia cincta)
     Uncommon breeding summer migrant in the highveld.

536. Black sawwing swallow (Psalidoprocne holomelas)
     Common breeding resident in the highveld and middleveld.

538. Black cuckooshrike (Campephaga flava)
     Uncommon breeding resident in all regions.

539. Whitebreasted cuckooshrike (Coracina pectoralis)
     Rare vagrant in the lowveld.

540. Grey cuckooshrike (Coracina caesia)
     Rare breeding resident in the highveld, middleveld and Lubombos.

541. Forktailed drongo (Dicrurus adsimilis)
     Very common breeding resident in all regions.

542. Squaretailed drongo (Dicrurus ludwigii)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the middleveld and Lubombos.

543. European golden oriole (Oriolus oriolus)
     Rare summer migrant in the lowveld.

545. Blackheaded oriole (Oriolus larvatus)
     Very common breeding resident in all regions.

547. Black crow (Corvus capensis)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld and middleveld.

548. Pied crow (Corvus albus)
     Common breding resident in all regions.

550. Whitenecked raven (Corvus albicollis)
     Common breeding resident in the highveld and Lubombos.

554. Southern black tit (Parus niger)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

558. Grey penduline tit (Anthoscopus caroli)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

560. Arrowmarked babbler (Turdoides jardineii)
     Common breeding resident in the lowveld and Lubombos.

565. Bush blackcap (Lioptilus nigricapillus)
     Rare visitor in the highveld.

568. Blackeyed bulbul (Pycnonotus barbatus)
     Very common breeding resident in all regions.

569. Terrestrial bulbul (Phyllastrephus terrestris)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

570. Yellowstreaked bulbul (Phyllastrephus flavostriatus)
     Rare breeding resident in the middleveld.

572. Sombre bulbul (Andropadus importunus)
     Very common breeding resident in all regions.

574. Yellowbellied bulbul (Chlorocichla flaviventris)
     Rare vagrant in the Lubombos.

575. Yellowspotted nicator (Nicator gularis)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

576. Kurrichane thrush (Turdus libonyana)
     Very common breeding resident in all regions.

577. Olive thrush (Turdus olivaceus)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld.

580. Groundscraper thrush (Turdus litsitsirupa)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

581. Cape rock thrush (Monticola rupestris)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld and Lubombos.

582. Sentinel rock thrush (Monticola explorator)
     Rare breeding resident in the highveld.

586. Mountain chat (Oenanthe monticola)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld.

587. Capped wheatear (Oenanthe pileata)
     Rare vagrant in the lowveld.

588. Buffstreaked chat (Oenanthe bifasciata)
     Common breeding resident in the highveld.

589. Familiar chat (Cercomela familiaris)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld, middleveld and Lubombos.

593. Mocking chat (Thamnolaea cinnamomeiventris)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld, middleveld and Lubombos.

595. Anteating chat (Myrmecocichla formicivora)
     Uncommon visitor in the highveld.

596. Stonechat (Saxicola torquata)
     Common resident in the highveld, middleveld and Lubombos and winter migrant in the lowveld.

598. Chorister robin (Cossypha dichroa)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld and middleveld.

599. Heuglins robin (Cossypha heuglini)
     Common breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

600. Natal robin (Cossypha natalensis)
     Uncommon breeding resident in all regions.

601. Cape robin (Cossypha caffra)
     Common breeding resident in the highveld and middleveld and winter migrant in the Lubombos.

602. Whitethroated robin (Cossypha humeralis)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

606. Starred robin (Pogonocichla stellata)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld and Lubombos.

613. Whitebrowed robin (Erythropygia leucophrys)
     Common breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

616. Brown robin (Erythropygia signata)
     Rare visitor in the middleveld.

617. Bearded robin (Erythropygia quadrivirgata)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the lowveld and Lubombos.

619. Garden warbler (Sylvia borin)
     Rare summer migrant in the lowveld and Lubombos.

620. Whitethroat (Sylvia communis)
     Rare summer migrant in the lowveld.

621. Titbabbler (Parisoma subcaeruleum)
     Rare breeding resident in the lowveld.

625. Icterine warbler (Hippolais icterina)
     Rare summer migrant in the middleveld and lowveld.

628. Great reed warbler (Acrocephalus arundinaceus)
     Uncommon summer migrant in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

631. African marsh warbler (Acrocephalus baeticatus)
     Uncommon breeding resident in all regions.

633. European marsh warbler (Acrocephalus palustris)
     Common summer migrant in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

634. European sedge warbler (Acrocephalus schoenobaenus)
     Rare summer migrant in the lowveld.

635. Cape reed warbler (Acrocephalus gracilirostris)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

637. Yellow warbler (Chloropeta natalensis)
     Uncommon breeding resident in all regions.

638. African sedge warbler (Bradypterus baboecala)
     Uncommon breeding resident in all regions.

642. Broadtailed warbler (Schoenicola brevirostris)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld, middleveld and Lubombos.

643. Willow warbler (Phylloscopus trochilus)
     Common summer migrant in all regions.

644. Yellowthroated warbler (Seicercus ruficapillus)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld.

645. Barthroated apalis (Apalis thoracica)
     Common breeding resident in the highveld, middleveld and Lubombos.

648. Yellowbreasted apalis (Apalis flavida)
     Common breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

649. Rudds apalis (Apalis ruddi)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the lowveld.

651. Longbilled crombec (Sylvietta rufescens)
     Common breeding resident in the lowveld and Lubombos.

653. Yellowbellied eremomela (Eremomela icteropygialis)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the lowveld and Lubombos.

655. Greencapped eremomela (Eremomela scotops)
     Rare visitor in the lowveld.

656. Burntnecked eremomela (Eremomela usticollis)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the lowveld.

657. Bleating warbler (Camaroptera brachyura)
     Very common breeding resident in all regions.

659. Stierlings barred warbler (Camaroptera stierlingi)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the lowveld.

661. Grassbird (Sphenoeacus afer)
     Common breeding resident in the highveld and middleveld.

664. Fantailed cisticola (Cisticola juncidis)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

665. Desert cisticola (Cisticola aridula)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the middleveld and lowveld.

666. Cloud cisticola (Cisticola textrix)
     Rare breeding resident in the highveld and middleveld.

667. Ayres cisticola (Cisticola ayresii)
     Common breeding resident in the highveld.

670. Wailing cisticola (Cisticola lais)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld.

672. Rattling cisticola (Cisticola chiniana)
     Common breding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

674. Redfaced cisticola (Cisticola erythrops)
     Common breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

677. Levaillants cisticola (Cisticola tinniens)
     Common breeding resident in the highveld and middleveld.

678. Croaking cisticola (Cisticola natalensis)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

679. Lazy cisticola (Cisticola aberrans)
     Common breeding resident in the highveld, middleveld and Lubombos.

681. Nedicky (Cisticola fulvicapilla)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

683. Tawnyflanked prinia (Prinia subflava)
     Very common breeding resident in all regions.

686. Spotted prinia (Prinia maculosa)
     Common breeding resident in the highveld.

689. Spotted flycatcher (Muscicapa striata)
     Common summer migrant in all regions.

690. Dusky flycatcher (Muscicapa adusta)
     Common breeding resident in the highveld, middleveld and Lubombos and winter migrant in the lowveld.

691. Bluegrey flycatcher (Muscicapa caerulescens)
     Uncommon breeding resident in all regions.

693. Fantailed flycatcher (Myioparus plumbeus)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

694. Black flycatcher (Melaenornis pammelaina)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

696. Pallid flycatcher (Melaenornis pallidus)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

698. Fiscal flycatcher (Sigelus silens)
     Uncommon winter migrant in all regions.

700. Cape batis (Batis capensis)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld, middleveld and Lubombos.

701. Chinspot batis (Batis molitor)
     Common breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

706. Fairy flycatcher (Stenostira scita)
     Rare vagrant in the middleveld and lowveld.

708. Bluemantled flycatcher (Trochocercus cyanomelas)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld and Lubombos.

710. Paradise flycatcher (Terpsiphone viridis)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

711. African pied wagtail (Motacilla aguimp)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

712. Longtailed wagtail (Motacilla clara)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld, middleveld and Lubombos.

713. Cape wagtail (Motacilla capensis)
     Common breeding resident in the highveld, middleveld and lowveld.

714. Yellow wagtail (Motacilla flava)
     Uncommon summer migrant in the lowveld.

716. Richards pipit (Anthus novaeseelandiae)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

717. Longbilled pipit (Anthus similis)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld and the Lubombos.

718. Plainbacked pipit (Anthus leucophrys)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld.

719. Buffy pipit (Anthus vaalensis)
     Rare breeding resident in the highveld.

720. Striped pipit (Anthus lineiventris)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld, middleveld and Lubombos.

723. Bushveld pipit (Anthus caffer)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

727. Orangethroated longclaw (Macronyx capensis)
     Common breeding resident in the highveld.

728. Yellowthroated longclaw (Macronyx croceus)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

731. Lesser grey shrike (Lanius minor)
     Uncommon summer migrant in the lowveld.

732. Fiscal shrike (Lanius collaris)
     Very common breeding resident in all regions.

733. Redbacked shrike (Lanius collurio)
     Common summer migrant in the highveld and lowveld.

735. Longtailed shrike (Corvinella melanoleuca)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the lowveld.

736. Southern boubou (Laniarius ferrugineus)
     Very common breeding resident in all regions.

740. Puffback (Dryoscopus cubla)
     Very common breeding resident in all regions.

741. Brubru (Nilaus afer)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the lowveld and Lubombos.

742. Southern tchagra (Tchagra tchagra)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld.

743. Threestreaked tchagra (Tchagra australis)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

744. Blackcrowned tchagra (Tchagra senegala)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

746. Bokmakierie (Telophorus zeylonus)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld and middleveld.

747. Gorgeous bush shrike (Telophorus quadricolor)
     Common breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

748. Orangebreasted bush shrike (Telophorus sulfureopectus)
     Common breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

750. Olive bush shrike (Telophorus olivaceus)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld, middleveld and Lubombos.

751. Greyheaded bush shrike (Malaconotus blanchoti)
     Common breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

753. White helmetshrike (Prionops plumatus)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

754. Redbilled helmetshrike (Prionops retzii)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the lowveld.

759. Pied starling (Spreo bicolor)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld.

760. Wattled starling (Creatopohora cinerea)
     Uncommon visitor in the lowveld.

761. Plumcoloured starling (Cinnyricinclus leucogaster)
     Common breeding summer migrant in all regions.

762. Burchells starling (Lamprotornis australis)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the lowveld.

764. Glossy starling (Lamprotornis nitens)
     Common breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

768. Blackbellied starling (Lamprotornis coruscus)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the middleveld and Lubombos.

769. Redwinged starling (Onychognathus morio)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

772. Redbilled oxpecker (Buphagus erythrorhynchus)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the lowveld.

774. Gurneys sugarbird (Promerops gurneyi)
     Rare breeding resident in the highveld.

775. Malachite sunbird (Nectarinia famosa)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld.

779. Marico sunbird (Nectarinia mariquensis)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the lowveld and Lubombos.

780. Purplebanded sunbird (Nectarinia bifasciata)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the lowveld and Lubombos.

783. Lesser doublecollared sunbird (Nectarinia chalybea)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld.

785. Greater doublecollared sunbird (Nectarinia afra)
     Common breeding resident in the highveld and middleveld.

787. Whitebellied sunbird (Nectarinia talatala)
     Common breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

789. Grey sunbird (Nectarinia veroxii)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the Lubombos.

790. Olive sunbird (Nectarinia olivacea)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the middleveld.

791. Scarlet chested sunbird (Nectarinia senegalensis)
     Common breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

792. Black sunbird (Nectarinia amethystina)
     Common breeding resident in the highveld, middleveld and Lubombos.

793. Collared sunbird (Anthreptes collaris)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

796. Cape white-eye (Zosterops pallidus)
     Very common breeding resident in all regions.

798. Redbilled buffalo weaver (Bubalornis niger)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the lowveld.

801. House sparrow (Passer domesticus)
     Introduced. Common breeding resident in all regions.

803. Cape sparrow (Passer melanurus)
     Rare visitor in the highveld.

804. Greyheaded sparrow (Passer griseus)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

805. Yellowthroated sparrow (Petronia superciliaris)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

807. Thickbilled weaver (Amblyospiza albifrons)
     Common breading resident in all regions.

808. Forest weaver (Ploceus bicolor)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the Lubombos.

810. Spectacled weaver (Ploceus ocularis)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

811. Spottedbacked weaver (Ploceus cucullatus)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

813. Cape weaver (Ploceus capensis)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld and middleveld.

814. Masked weaver (Ploceus velatus)
     Uncommon breeding resident in all regions.

815. Lesser masked weaver (Ploceus intermedius)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the lowveld.

816. Golden weaver (Ploceus xanthops)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the middleveld.

817. Yellow weaver (Ploceus subaureus)
     Rare breeding visitor in the lowveld.

819. Redheaded weaver (Anaplectus rubriceps)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the lowveld.

820. Cuckoo finch (Anomalospiza imberbis)
     Rare breeding resident in the highveld, middleveld and lowveld.

821. Redbilled quelea (Quelea quelea)
     Uncommon breeding resident in all regions.

824. Red bishop (Euplectes orix)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

827. Yellowrumped widow (Euplectes capensis)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld.

828. Redshouldered widow (Euplectes axillaris)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

829. Whitewinged widow (Euplectes albonotatus)
     Common breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

831. Redcollared widow (Euplectes ardens)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

832. Longtailed widow (Euplectes progne)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld.

834. Melba finch (Pytilia melba)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the lowveld and Lubombos.

835. Green twinspot (Mandingoa nitidula)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld and middleveld.

838. Pinkthroated twinspot (Hypargos margaritatus)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

840. Bluebilled firefinch (Lagonosticta rubricata)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

841. Jamesons firefinch (Lagonosticta rhodopareia)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the lowveld.

842. Redbilled firefinch (Lagonosticta senegala)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

844. Blue waxbill (Uraeginthus angolensis)
     Common breeding resident in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombos.

846. Common waxbill (Estrilda astrild)
     Very common breeding resident in all regions.

848. Grey waxbill (Estrilda perreini)
     Rare visitor in the Lubombos.

850. Swee waxbill (Estrilda melanotis)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld and middleveld.

852. Quail finch (Ortygospiza atricollis)
     Uncommon breeding resident in all regions.

854. Orangebreasted waxbill (Sporaeginthus subflavus)
     Uncommon breeding resident in all regions.

857. Bronze mannikin (Spermestes cucullatus)
     Very common breeding resident in all regions.

858. Redbacked mannikin (Spermestes bicolor)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld, middleveld and Lubombos.

860. Pintailed whydah (Vidua macroura)
     Very common breeding resident in all regions.

862. Paradise whydah (Vidua paradisaea)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the lowveld.

864. Black widowfinch (Vidua funerea)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

867. Steelblue widowfinch (Vidua chalybeata)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the lowveld and Lubombos.

869. Yelloweyed canary (Serinus mozambicus)
     Very common breeding resident in all regions.

872. Cape canary (Serinus canicollis)
     Common breeding resident in the highveld.

873. Forest canary (Serinus scotops)
     Uncommon breeding resident in the highveld.

877. Bully canary (Serinus sulphuratus)
     Uncommon breeding resident in all regions.

881. Streakyheaded canary (Serinus gularis)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

884. Goldenbreasted bunting (Emberiza flaviventris)
     Common breeding resident in all regions.

885. Cape bunting (Emberiza capensis)
     Rare breeding resident in the highveld.

886. Rock bunting (Emberiza tahapisi)
     Uncommon breeding resident in all regions.

887. Larklike bunting (Emberiza impetuani)
     Rare vagrant in the middleveld.

Appendix 1

The following species were recorded in Swaziland before 1985 and have not been encountered since.

207. Wattled crane (Grys carunculata)
230. Kori bustard (Ardeotis kori)
332. Sooty tern (Sterna fuscata)
403. Pels fishing owl (Scotopelia peli)
705. Wattle-eyed flycatcher (Platysteira peltata)

Appendix 2

The following species which have been recorded in Swaziland require further confirmation.

129. Bat hawk (Macheiramphus alcinus)
130. Honey buzzard (Pernis apivorus)
138. Ayres eagle (Hieraaetus ayresii)
150. Forest buzzard (Buteo oreophilus)
639. Barratts warbler (Bradypterus barratti)
765. Greater blue eared glossy starling (Lamprotornis chalybaeus)
797. Yellow white-eye (Zosterops senegalensis)

Acknowledgements

The fieldwork on which this checklist is based was partially funded by the Natural History Society of Swaziland, the Southern African Ornithological Society, the Mhlosinga Wildlife Society and the Conservation Trust of Swaziland.

Although data was submitted by a large number of individuals, the contributions of the following were particularly valuable: J. Culverwell, N. & D. Adams, D. & D. Hill and T. & P. Sandiford.


Red Data Books  Swaziland's Biodiversity  Swaziland's Flora  Swaziland's Fauna

Index  Introduction  Cultural Resources  Nature Reserves  Tourism
Biodiversity  Objectives/Legislation  Programmes  Miscellaneous