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SWAZILAND'S BIODIVERSITY: Swaziland's Threatened Flora

Information on the flora of Swaziland has been gradually improving over the years, resulting in better information on which to base lists of threatened species.

The list of species included in the Southern African Plant Red Data Lists, published by SABONET in 2002 (see Flora Red Data Lists) is already in need of an update, and on a global level, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species information is even more out of date.

The legislation for the protection of indigenous flora was updated in 2000.

This replaced The Flora Protection Act of 1952.

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species lists the following threatened species for Swaziland:

IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.1. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 30 October 2011

Extinct in the wild


Encephalartos relictus P.J.H.Hurter
ver. 3.1 (2009)

Critically Endangered


Encephalartos laevifolius Stapf & Burtt Davy
Kaapsehoop Cycad
A2acde+4acde
ver. 3.1 (2009)
Encephalartos heenanii R.A.Dyer
Heenan's Cycad, Woolly Cycad
B1ab(ii,iv,v)+2ab(ii,iv,v)
ver. 3.1 (2009)

Endangered


Warburgia salutaris (Bertol.f.) Chiov.
Muranga, Pepper Bark Tree
A1acd
ver. 2.3 (1998)
Encephalartos umbeluziensis R.A.Dyer
Umbeluzi Cycad
B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)+2ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v);C1
ver. 3.1 (2009)
Encephalartos lebomboensis I.Verd.
Lebombo Cycad
A2acd;B1ab(ii,iii,iv,v)+2ab(ii,iii,iv,v)
ver. 3.1 (2009)

Vulnerable


Prunus africana (Hook f.) Kalkman
Red Stinkwood
A1cd
ver. 2.3 (1998)
Ocotea kenyensis (Chiov.) Robyns
A1cd
ver. 2.3 (1998)
Encephalartos senticosus Vorster
Jozini Cycad
A2acd;C1
ver. 3.1 (2009)
Encephalartos paucidentatus Stapf & Burtt Davy
Barberton Cycad
A2acd;B1ab(i,iii,iv,v);C1
ver. 3.1 (2009)
Encephalartos ngoyanus I.Verd.
Ngoye Cycad, Ngoye Dwarf Cycad
A4acd;C1
ver. 3.1 (2009)
Encephalartos aplanatus Vorster
A2acd;B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)+2ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v);C1
ver. 3.1 (2009)

Data Deficient


Psoralea arborea Sims
ver. 2.3 (1998)
Cassipourea swaziensis Compton
ver. 2.3 (1998)



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Malolotja Flora
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SNTC Headquarters: Parliament Road. P O Box 100, Lobamba, Swaziland. Tel: (+268) 2416 1516, 2416 1489, 2416 1179. Fax: (+268) 2416 1875, 2416 1480. Email: info@sntc.org.sz
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King Sobhuza II Memorial Park:
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Malolotja Nature Reserve:
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Cell: 7660 6755
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Mantenga Nature Reserve:
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Mlawula Nature Reserve:
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Fax: 2343 5111
Email: magadzavane@sntc.org.sz