Swaziland's Threatened Fauna

On a national level, information on Swaziland's threatened species can be found here:
Swaziland Red Data Lists for Vertebrates. This information is as at 2003.

Regional red lists are available for some groups of fauna. Information for butterflies is available in the Conservation Assessment of Butterflies of South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland, published in 2016. The Atlas and Red Data Book of the Frogs of South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland was published in 2004. The Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland was published in 2014. Red data information for birds is available in the 2015 Eskom Red Data Book of Birds of South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland, published in 2015. The mammal red list is available online at (Mammal Red List - EWT and SANBI).

On an international level, as at August 2017, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species lists 819 species of fauna.

Invertebrates
Molluscs
Least Concern 13 species Least Concern ver 3.1
Arthropods
Data Deficient 2 species Data Deficient ver 3.1
Least Concern 79 species Least Concern ver 3.1
Vertebrates
Fishes
Endangered Chiloglanis bifurcus (Incomati Suckermouth) Endangered B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)+2ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v) ver 3.1
Chetia brevis (Orange-fringed River Bream) Endangered B1ab(iii,v)+2ab(iii,v) ver 3.1
Near Threatened Anguilla bengalensis (Indian Mottled Eel) Near Threatened ver 3.1
Enteromius brevipinnis (Shortfin Barb) Near Threatened ver 3.1
Labeobarbus nelspruitensis (Incomati Chiselmouth) Near Threatened ver 3.1
Oreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique Tilapia) Near Threatened ver 3.1
Vulnerable Oreochromis macrochir (Greenhead Tilapia) Vulnerable A3e ver 3.1
Data Deficient 4 species Data Deficient ver 3.1
Least Concern 39 species Least Concern ver 3.1
Amphibians
Least Concern 44 species Least Concern Ver 3.1
Reptiles
Near Threatened Afroedura major (Swazi Flat Gecko) Near Threatened ver 3.1
Chamaesaura aenea (Coppery Grass Lizard) Near Threatened ver 3.1
Chamaesaura macrolepis (Large-scaled Grass Lizard) Near Threatened ver 3.1
Homoroselaps dorsalis (Striped Harlequin Snake) Near Threatened ver 3.1
Leptotyphlops telloi (Tello's Thread Snake) Near Threatened ver 3.1
Lower Risk Crocodylus niloticus (Nile Crocodile) Lower Risk/least concern ver 2.3
Kinixys natalensis (KwaZulu-Natal Hinged-back Tortoise) Lower Risk/near threatened ver 2.3
Least Concern 45 species Least Concern Ver 3.1
Birds
Critically Endangered Necrosyrtes monachus (Hooded Vulture) Critically Endangered A2acd+3cd+4acd ver 3.1
Gyps africanus (White-backed Vulture) Critically Endangered A2bcd+3bcd ver 3.1
Endangered Aquila nipalensis (Steppe Eagle) Endangered A2abcd+3bcd+4abcd ver 3.1
Gyps coprotheres (Cape Vulture) Endangered A2acde+3cde ver 3.1
Torgos tracheliotos (Lappet-faced Vulture) Endangered A2bcd+3bcd ver 3.1
Near Threatened Ardeotis kori (Kori Bustard) Near Threatened ver 3.1
Calidris ferruginea (Curlew Sandpiper) Near Threatened ver 3.1
Neotis denhami (Denham's Bustard) Near Threatened ver 3.1
Stephanoaetus coronatus (Crowned Eagle) Near Threatened ver 3.1
Sylvia nigricapillus (Bush Blackcap) Near Threatened ver 3.1
Terathopius ecaudatus (Bateleur) Near Threatened ver 3.1
Vulnerable Polemaetus bellicosus (Martial Eagle) Vulnerable A2acde+3cde ver 3.1
Bugeranus carunculatus (Wattled Crane) Vulnerable A2acde+3cde; C1+2a(ii) ver 3.1
Sagittarius serpentarius (Secretarybird) Vulnerable A4acd ver 3.1
Bucorvus leadbeateri (Southern Ground-hornbill) Vulnerable A4bcd ver 3.1
Geronticus calvus (Southern Bald Ibis) Vulnerable C1+2a(ii) ver 3.1
Hirundo atrocaerulea (Blue Swallow) Vulnerable C2a(i) ver 3.1
Least Concern 444 species Least Concern Ver 3.1
Mammals
Critically Endangered Diceros bicornis (Black Rhinoceros) Critically Endangered A2abcd ver 3.1
Endangered Lycaon pictus (African Wild Dog) Endangered C2a(i) ver 3.1
Near Threatened Aonyx capensis (African Clawless Otter) Near Threatened ver 3.1
Ceratotherium simum (White Rhinoceros) Near Threatened ver 3.1
Eidolon helvum (African Straw-coloured Fruit-bat) Near Threatened ver 3.1
Equus quagga (Plains Zebra) Near Threatened ver 3.1
Vulnerable Loxodonta africana (African Elephant) Vulnerable A2a ver 3.1
Panthera leo (Lion) Vulnerable A2abcd ver 3.1
Acinonyx jubatus (Cheetah) Vulnerable A2acd; C1 ver 3.1
Panthera pardus (Leopard) Vulnerable A2cd ver 3.1
Hippopotamus amphibius (Hippopotamus) Vulnerable A4cd ver 3.1
Smutsia temminckii (Temminck's Ground Pangolin) Vulnerable A4d ver 3.1
Least Concern 104 species Least Concern Ver 3.1

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