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SWAZILAND'S BIODIVERSITY: Swaziland's Spiders

Swaziland's spiders have not yet been thoroughly researched. It is expected that many more species will be added to this list. The records included here are of specimens housed in various museums collected over the years by various collectors, and photos taken more recently.

We would like to thank Ansie Dippenaar-Schoeman and Astri Le Roy for assisting with photo identifications. Please note that accurate identifications cannot be made only from photos, so identifications are tentative.

Suborder Superfamily Family/Common name
Oxyopidae
Oxyopes sp. National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 90/477 R Harris - Mlawula Nature Reserve
Oxyopes sp.
Oxyopes tuberculatus National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 97/527 S Neser - Malolotja Nature Reserve
Oxyopes tuberculatus
Peucetia striata
Mygalomorphae Mecicbothrioidea Microstigmatidae
Mygalomorphae Dipluroidea Dipluridae - funnel-web tarantulas
Mygalomorphae Nemesioidea Nemesiidae
Mygalomorphae Theraphosoidea Theraphosidae - tarantulas
(not identified) National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 89/849 J Leroy - Mlawula Nature Reserve
Augacephalus breyeri Published records NM :  - Mbuluzi Game Reserve
Harpactirella sp. National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 2005/2206 I Engelbrecht - Luyengo
Pterinochilus sp. National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 91/139 P Leroy - Mlawula Nature Reserve
Mygalomorphae Barycheloidea Barychelidae - trapdoor baboon spiders
Mygalomorphae Atypoidea Atypidae - purse web spiders
Mygalomorphae Cyrtauchenioidea Cyrtaucheniidae - wafer trapdoor spiders
Homostola pardalina
Mygalomorphae Idiopoidea Idiopidae
Mygalomorphae Ctenizoidea Ctenizidae - cork-lid trapdoor spiders
Mygalomorphae Migoidea Migidae - tree trapdoor spiders
Moggridgea microps Published records AM :  - Wyldesdale
Araneomorphae Filistatoidea Filistatidae - crevice weavers
Araneomorphae Scytodoidea Drymusidae - false violin spiders
Araneomorphae Scytodoidea Scytodidae - spitting spiders
Scytodes sp. National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 91/352 A Leroy - Mlawula Nature Reserve
National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 87/294 A Leroy - Mbuluzi Game Reserve
National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 91/360 L Leroy - Big Bend
Photos: Kate Braun   - Pine Valley
Scytodes sp.   Scytodes sp.  
Araneomorphae Scytodoidea Sicariidae - recluse spiders
Araneomorphae Scytodoidea Telemidae - long-legged cave spiders
Araneomorphae Scytodoidea Pholcidae - daddy long-legs spiders
Araneomorphae Caponioidea Caponiidae
Araneomorphae Dysderoidea Dysderidae - woodlouse hunter spiders
Araneomorphae Dysderoidea Oonopidae - dwarf hunting spiders
Araneomorphae Dysderoidea Orsolobidae
Araneomorphae Dysderoidea Segestriidae - tubeweb spiders
Ariadna sp. National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 91/333 A Leroy - Mlawula Nature Reserve
Araneomorphae Eresoidea Eresidae - velvet spiders
Stegodyphus africanus Museum specimen SMF-61738-98  - Mpaka
Stegodyphus dumicola Museum specimen SMF-61753-98  -
Museum specimen SMF-61752-98  - Mpaka
Stegodyphus sabulosus Museum specimen SMF-61772-98  - Mpaka
Araneomorphae Eresoidea Hersiliidae - tree trunk spiders
Hersilia sericea National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 2019/1542 S Foord - Malkerns, Nyanza
Araneomorphae Eresoidea Oecobiidae - disc web spiders
Araneomorphae Archaeoidea Archaeidae - pelican spiders
Araneomorphae Archaeoidea Palpimanidae - palp-footed spiders
(not identified) National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 90/479 R Harris - Mlawula Nature Reserve
National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 90/476 R Harris - Mlawula Nature Reserve
National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 90/474 R Harris - Malolotja Nature Reserve
Araneomorphae Archaeoidea Mimetidae - pirate spiders
Araneomorphae Uloboroidea Deinopidae - net-casting spiders
Araneomorphae Uloboroidea Uloboridae - hackled orb-weaver
(not identified)
Miagrammopes brevicaudus National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 91/334 A Leroy - Mbuluzi Game Reserve
National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 91/334 A Leroy - Mbuluzi Game Reserve
Araneomorphae Araneoidea Anapidae
Araneomorphae Araneoidea Araneidae - orb-weaver spiders
(not identified) Museum specimen SAM-ENW-B009909  - Henwoods Halt
Museum specimen SAM-ENW-B009908 Major CH - Henwoods Halt
National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 91/380 J Leroy - Mbuluzi Game Reserve
National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 89/793 A Leroy - Mbuluzi Game Reserve
(undescribed) Photos: Kate Braun   - Mlawula Nature Reserve
(undescribed)   (undescribed)   (undescribed)  
Afracantha camerunensis National Collection, Pretoria ARC-PPRI-AcAT 92/397 J Leroy - Mbuluzi Game Reserve
Araneus apricus Photos: Kate Braun   - Mbuluzi Game Reserve
Araneus apricus   Araneus apricus   Araneus apricus  
Argiope flavipalpis Museum specimen SAM-ENW-B009839  - Henwoods Halt
Argiope lobata Photos: Kate Braun   - Mlawula Nature Reserve
Argiope lobata   Argiope lobata   Argiope lobata   Argiope lobata   Argiope lobata   Argiope lobata  
Argiope sp. possibly levii Photos: Kate Braun   - Mlawula Nature Reserve
Argiope sp. possibly levii   Argiope sp. possibly levii  
Argiope trifasciata Photos: Kate Braun   - Malolotja Nature Reserve
Argiope trifasciata   Argiope trifasciata   Argiope trifasciata  
Caerostris corticosa Photos: Kate Braun   - Mlawula Nature Reserve
Caerostris corticosa   Caerostris corticosa   Caerostris corticosa  
Caerostris sexcuspidata Photos: Kate Braun   - Mlawula Nature Reserve
Photos: Kate Braun   - Mlawula Nature Reserve
Photos: Kate Braun   - Mlawula Nature Reserve
Caerostris sexcuspidata   Caerostris sexcuspidata   Caerostris sexcuspidata   Caerostris sexcuspidata   Caerostris sexcuspidata   Caerostris sexcuspidata   Caerostris sexcuspidata  
Caerostris sp. Museum specimen SAM-ENW-B009840  - Henwoods Halt
Photos: Kate Braun   - Mlawula Nature Reserve
Caerostris sp.   Caerostris sp.   Caerostris sp.  
Caerostris vicina National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 91/361 M Leroy - Mlawula Nature Reserve
National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 91/390 A Leroy - Mlawula Nature Reserve
Photos: Kate Braun   - Mlawula Nature Reserve
Photos: Toby Allison   - Matsapha
Caerostris vicina   Caerostris vicina   Caerostris vicina   Caerostris vicina   Caerostris vicina  
Cyclosa insulana Museum specimen MCZ-IZ-34850 F., L. Levi - Ezulwini
Cyclosa sp. Photos: Kate Braun   - Mantenga Nature Reserve
Cyclosa sp.   Cyclosa sp.   Cyclosa sp.  
Cyclosa sp. Museum specimen SAM-ENW-B009910  - Henwoods Halt
National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 89/802 A Leroy - Mbuluzi Game Reserve
Cyrtophora citricola Photos: Kate Braun   - Mlawula Nature Reserve
Cyrtophora citricola   Cyrtophora citricola   Cyrtophora citricola   Cyrtophora citricola  
Gasteracantha lunata
Gasteracantha milvoides Photos: Kate Braun   - Mantenga Nature Reserve
Gasteracantha milvoides   Gasteracantha milvoides  
Gasteracantha sp. possibly falcicornis Photos: Kate Braun   - Mantenga Nature Reserve
Photos: Kate Braun   - Mantenga Nature Reserve
Gasteracantha sp. possibly falcicornis   Gasteracantha sp. possibly falcicornis  
Isoxya tabulata National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 91/385 A Leroy - Mbuluzi Game Reserve
Kilima decens Photos: Kate Braun   - Malolotja Nature Reserve
Kilima decens   Kilima decens  
Nemoscolus sp. National Collection, Pretoria ARC-PPRI-AcAT 90/480 R Harris - Mlawula Nature Reserve
National Collection, Pretoria ARC-PPRI-AcAT 87/291 A Leroy - Mbuluzi Game Reserve
Neoscona sp. Photos: Kate Braun   - Mlawula Nature Reserve
Neoscona sp.   Neoscona sp.  
Neoscona subfusca Museum specimen MCZ-IZ-34848 F., L. Levi - Ezulwini
Singa sp. National Collection, Pretoria ARC-PPRI-AcAT 91/538 A Leroy - Mbuluzi Game Reserve
Araneomorphae Araneoidea Cyatholipidae
Araneomorphae Araneoidea Linyphiidae - dwarf/money spiders
(not identified) National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 91/442 J Leroy - Mlawula Nature Reserve
Araneomorphae Araneoidea Mysmenidae - spurred orb-weavers
Araneomorphae Araneoidea Nesticidae - cave cobweb spiders
Araneomorphae Araneoidea Symphytognathidae - dwarf orb-weavers
Araneomorphae Araneoidea Tetragnathidae - long jawed orb-weavers
Leucauge kibonotensis National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 87/276 A Leroy - Mbuluzi Game Reserve
Leucauge sp. Museum specimen MCZ-IZ-36381 F., L. Levi - Ezulwini
Museum specimen MCZ-IZ-36376 F., L. Levi - Ezulwini
Photos: Kate Braun   - Malolotja Nature Reserve
Leucauge sp.   Leucauge sp.   Leucauge sp.   Leucauge sp.  
Nephilengys cruentata National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 89/789 J Leroy - Mbuluzi Game Reserve
Photos: Kate Braun   - Pine Valley
Nephilengys cruentata  
Araneomorphae Araneoidea Nephilidae - large-jawed spiders
Nephila fenestrata Photo: Twana Buthelezi   - Mantenga Nature Reserve
Nephila fenestrata  
Nephila inaurata Photos: Kate Braun   - Mlawula Nature Reserve
Photos: Kate Braun   - Mlawula Nature Reserve
Photos: Kate Braun   - Mlawula Nature Reserve
Nephila inaurata   Nephila inaurata   Nephila inaurata   Nephila inaurata   Nephila inaurata   Nephila inaurata   Nephila inaurata   Nephila inaurata   Nephila inaurata  
Nephila pilipes Museum specimen MCZ-IZ-36373 F., L. Levi - Ezulwini
Nephila senegalensis Photos: Kate Braun   - Siphiso Valley, Mlawula Nature Reserve
Nephila senegalensis   Nephila senegalensis  
Nephila sp. Museum specimen MCZ-IZ-36374 F., L. Levi - Ezulwini
Araneomorphae Araneoidea Theridiidae - cobweb spiders
(not identified) National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 90/478 R Harris - Mlawula Nature Reserve
National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 89/159 S Neser & H Joubert - Malolotja Nature Reserve
Argyrodes sp. Museum specimen MCZ-IZ-35010 F., L. Levi - Ezulwini
Coleosoma sp. National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 91/1195 A Leroy - Mlawula Nature Reserve
Latrodectus cinctus
Latrodectus geometricus
Latrodectus sp. Museum specimen MCZ-IZ-35013 F., L. Levi - Ezulwini
Theridion maron
Araneomorphae Lycosoidea Ctenidae - tropical wolf spiders
(not identified) National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 91/445 J Leroy - Mbuluzi Game Reserve
National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 91/450 P Leroy - Mbuluzi Game Reserve
National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 91/451 J Leroy & A Leroy - Mbuluzi Game Reserve
National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 91/453 A Leroy & P Leroy - Mbuluzi Game Reserve
Araneomorphae Lycosoidea Lycosidae - wolf spiders
(not identified) National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 90/475 R Harris - Mlawula Nature Reserve
Photos: Kate Braun   - Mlawula Nature Reserve
(not identified)  
Hippasa australis National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 2000/256 P Stephen - Tshaneni
Pardosa sp. Museum specimen MCZ-IZ-34984 F., L. Levi - Ezulwini
Araneomorphae Lycosoidea Pisauridae - nursery web spiders
(not identified) National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 91/473 J Leroy - Mlawula Nature Reserve
National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 90/473 R Harris - Malolotja Nature Reserve
Euprosthenopsis pulchella
Araneomorphae Lycosoidea Zoridae
Araneomorphae Lycosoidea Zoropsidae - zoropsid spiders
Araneomorphae Agelenoidea Agelenidae - araneomorph funnel-web spiders
Malthonica silvestris
Araneomorphae Amaurobioidea Amaurobiidae - tangled nest spiders
Amaurobius similis
Araneomorphae Dictynoidea Anyphaenidae - anyphaenid sac spiders
Araneomorphae Dictynoidea Dictynidae - dictynid spiders
Araneomorphae Dictynoidea Hahniidae - dwarf sheet spiders
Araneomorphae Sparassoidea Sparassidae - huntsman spiders
(not identified) National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 91/440 J Leroy - Mlawula Nature Reserve
Palystes sp. Photos: Kate Braun   - Malolotja Nature Reserve
Palystes sp.  
Palystes superciliosus National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 90/471 R Harris - Malolotja Nature Reserve
Araneomorphae Selenopoidea Selenopidae - wall spiders
Selenops sp. Photos: Kate Braun   - Pine Valley
Selenops sp.   Selenops sp.   Selenops sp.  
Araneomorphae Zodaroidea Zodariidae - zodariid ground spiders
Psammorygma sp. National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 89/15 S Neser - Malolotja Nature Reserve
Araneomorphae Zodaroidea Chummidae
Araneomorphae Zodaroidea Clubionidae - sac spiders
Araneomorphae Zodaroidea Miturgidae - long-legged sac spiders
Cheiracanthium africanum Museum specimen SAM-ENW-C003770 Major CA - Henwoods Halt
Cheiracanthium furculatum Published records SAM-ENW-B009912 Major CA - Henwoods Halt
Cheiramiona mlawula National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 90/82 R Harris - Mlawula Nature Reserve
Araneomorphae Titanoecoidea Phyxelididae
Xevioso amica Museum specimen MCZ-IZ-34995 F., L. Levi - Ezulwini
Xevioso orthomeles Published records TM :  - Mbabane
Araneomorphae Gnaphosoidea Ammoxenidae
Araneomorphae Gnaphosoidea Gnaphosidae - flat-bellied ground spiders
(not identified)
Nomisia sp. Photos: Kate Braun   - Pine Valley
Nomisia sp.   Nomisia sp.  
Poecilochroa sp. National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 91/710 A Leroy - Mlawula Nature Reserve
Araneomorphae Thomisoidea Philodromidae - philodromid crab spiders
(not identified)
Araneomorphae Thomisoidea Thomisidae - crab spiders
(not identified) National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 87/930 S Neser - Mbabane
National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 90/472 R Harris - Malolotja Nature Reserve
Diaea puncta Photos: Kate Braun   - Pine Valley
Diaea puncta   Diaea puncta   Diaea puncta  
Monaeses austrinus National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 95/185 R Harris - Mlawula Nature Reserve
Published records NM : 2560  - Mbabane
Synema imitator National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 76/1071 Martin - Mbabane
Synema sp. National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 2000/255 P Stephen - Tshaneni
Thomisus blandus National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 2000/257 P Stephen - Tshaneni
Thomisus granulatus National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 2004/1473 A Monadjen - Luyengo
Thomisus sp. Photos: Kate Braun   - Mucucene Hills
Thomisus sp.   Thomisus sp.  
Tmarus cameliformis National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 2004/1474 A Monadjen - Mlawula Nature Reserve
Xysticus sp.
Araneomorphae Salticoidea Salticidae - jumping spiders
(not identified) Museum specimen MCZ-IZ-34953 F., L. Levi - Ezulwini
National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 91/500 J Leroy - Mlawula Nature Reserve
National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 89/804 J Leroy - Mlawula Nature Reserve
National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 87/275 A Leroy - Mbuluzi Game Reserve
National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 82/383 P Hawkes - Mbabane
National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 87/929 S Neser - Mbabane
Brancus sp.
Evarcha sp. National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 2000/254 P Stephen - Tshaneni
Hyllus argyrotoxus National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 91/487 J Leroy - Mlawula Nature Reserve
Photos: Kate Braun   - Mlawula Nature Reserve
Hyllus argyrotoxus   Hyllus argyrotoxus   Hyllus argyrotoxus  
Myrmarachne sp. National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 91/512 P Leroy - Mlawula Nature Reserve
Natta horizontalis National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 2011/3173 A Leroy - Mbuluzi Game Reserve
Portia sp. National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 91/520 J Leroy - Mlawula Nature Reserve
Araneomorphae Corinnoidea Corinnidae - dark sac spiders
Copa flavoplumosa Photos: Kate Braun   - Siphiso Valley, Mlawula Nature Reserve
Copa flavoplumosa  
Copuetta lacustris National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 2005/2028 C Haddad - Luyengo
Merenius alberti National Collection, Pretoria AcAT 91/351 A Leroy - Mlawula Nature Reserve
Araneae (family not identified)
(not identified) Museum specimen MCZ-IZ-34183 Gonzalo Giribet, Greg D. Edgecombe - Mkhomazane valley
Museum specimen SAM-ENW-C001231  - Henwoods Halt
Museum specimen SAM-ENW-C001230  - Henwoods Halt
Museum specimen SAM-ENW-C001229  - Henwoods Halt
Museum specimen SAM-ENW-C001228  - Henwoods Halt
Museum specimen SAM-ENW-C001227  - Henwoods Halt
Museum specimen SAM-ENW-C001226  - Henwoods Halt
Museum specimen SAM-ENW-C001225  - Henwoods Halt
Museum specimen SAM-ENW-C001224  - Henwoods Halt
Museum specimen SAM-ENW-C001223  - Henwoods Halt
Museum specimen SAM-ENW-C001222  - Henwoods Halt



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