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SWAZILAND'S BIODIVERSITY: Swaziland's Reptiles Checklist

Information from "An Annotated Checklist of the Amphibians and Reptiles of Swaziland", by Richard C. Boycott, published by the Conservation Trust of Swaziland, 1992.

Swaziland's Reptiles Database


Gekkonidae (geckos)

   Afroedura pondolia marleyi (FitzSimons, 1930)
   (Marley's thick-tailed rock gecko)
Restricted to the lowveld and Lubombo region, this species has a limited distribution in Swaziland. Previously one locality listed (Onderstall 1984), currently four localities recorded. This form is endemic to Swaziland and Zululand.

   Afroedura pondolia major Onderstall, 1984
   (Swazi thick-tailed rock gecko)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Near Threatened
   Southern African Red Data Status: Not listed
   International Red Data Status: Not listed
Endemic to Swaziland, where it is restricted to the highveld region. Previously two localities listed (Onderstall 1984), one of which has been confirmed by recent collections.

   Lygodactylus capensis capensis (Smith, 1849)
   (Common dwarf gecko)
Widely distributed throughout Swaziland but less common in the highveld above 1000 m altitude. Previously one locality listed (FitzSimons 1943), currently two localities recorded as well as several sight records.

   Lygodactylus ocellatus  Roux, 1907
   (Spotted dwarf gecko)
This species has a limited distribution in western Swaziland where it is restricted to the highveld region. Previously three localities listed (FitzSimons 1943), currently four localities recorded. This form is endemic to South Africa and Swaziland.

   Hemidactylus mabouia mabouia (Moreau de Jonnes, 1818)
   (Tropical house gecko)
Occurs in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions, absent from the highveld. Previously unrecorded, currently seven localities recorded.

   Homopholis wahlbergii  (Smith, 1849)
   (Wahlberg's velvety gecko)
Occurs mostly in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions but also known from two localities in the highveld. Previously unrecorded, currently two localities recorded as well as several sight records.

   Pachydactylus maculatus maculatus Gray, 1845
   (Spotted gecko)
Occurs throughout the country in the highveld, middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions, but infrequently seen on the highveld. Previously one locality listed (FitzSimons 1943), currently seven localities recorded. This form is endemic to South Africa and Swaziland.

   Pachydactylus capensis vansoni FitzSimons, 1933
   (Van Son's thick-toed gecko)
This form appears to have a limited distribution in eastern Swaziland where it is restricted to the lowveld region. Previously unrecorded, currently four localities recorded, one being a sight record. It is possible that this form has a wider distribution as it has been recorded from the eastern highveld of the Transvaal near the Swaziland border. This form is endemic to South Africa and Swaziland.

   Pachydactylus bibronii  Smith, 1846
   (Bibron's thick-toed gecko)
Occurs in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions, absent from the highveld. Previously unrecorded, currently three localities recorded as well as some additional sight records.

Varanidae (monitor lizards)

   Varanus exanthematicus albigularis (Daudin, 1802)
   (White-throated monitor)
   (SiSwati: imbhulu)
Occurs in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions, absent from the highveld. Previously unrecorded, currently known from five sight records only. No voucher specimens collected.

   Varanus niloticus niloticus (Linnaeus, 1762)
   (Nile monitor)
   (SiSwati: Quamu)
Occurs throughout the country in the highveld, middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions. Previously unrecorded, currently one locality recorded. Also several sight records.

Chamaeleonidae (chameleons)

   Chamaeleo dilepis dilepis Leach, 1819
   (Flap-necked chameleon)
   (SiSwati: lunwabu)
Occurs throughout the country in the highveld, middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions. Previously one locality listed (FitzSimons 1943), currently six localities recorded.

   Bradypodion transvaalense  (FitzSimons, 1930)
   (Dwarf chameleon)
Occurs in the highveld region only. Previously unrecorded, currently two localities recorded. This species is endemic to the Transvaal and Swaziland. The species has been found in alien forest habitats.

Agamidae (agamas)

   Agama atricollis  Smith, 1849
   (Tree agama)
   (SiSwati: holoholo)
Occurs throughout the country in the highveld, middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions. In the highveld, the species is restricted to the lower regions in the larger, warmer valleys. Previously unrecorded, currently five localities recorded. Some workers follow Moody (1980) in using the genus Stellio but this has yet to gain general acceptance.

   Agama atra atra Daudin, 1802
Only known from the highveld region. Previously unrecorded, currently one locality recorded.

   Agama aculeata distanti Boulenger, 1902
   (Distant's spiny agama)
Occurs in the highveld, middleveld and Lubombo regions, absent from the lowveld. Previously unrecorded, currently three localities recorded as well as an additional sight record. This form is endemic to South Africa and Swaziland.

   Agama aculeata armata Peters, 1854
Only known from the middleveld region. However, this form is likely to have a wider distribution in Swaziland. Previously unrecorded, currently one locality recorded. The Ingwavuma record listed by McLachlan (1981) was misplotted as Big Bend. This form is sympatric with distanti in the middleveld region and the taxonomic status of both forms requires reviewing.

Lacertidae (lacertids)

   Nucras lalandii  (Milne-Edwards, 1829)
   (Delalande's sandveld lizard)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Near Threatened
   Southern African Red Data Status: Not listed
   International Red Data Status: Not listed
Restricted to the highveld region, this species has a limited distribution in western Swaziland. Previously unrecorded, currently one locality recorded. This species is endemic to South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland.

   Nucras taeniolata holubi (Steindachner, 1882)
Occurs in the middleveld and lowveld regions, absent from the highveld and Lubombo regions. Previously unrecorded, currently two localities recorded. Also four sight records.

   Nucras ornata  (Gray, 1864)
   (Ornate sandveld lizard)
Occurs in the lowveld and Lubombo regions, absent from the highveld and middleveld. Previously unrecorded, currently four localities recorded. Also an additional sight record.

Scincidae (skinks)

   Scelotes mira  (Roux, 1907)
   (Montane burrowing skink)
Occurs throughout the highveld region, absent from the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions. Previously two localities listed (FitzSimons 1943), currently four localities recorded. This species is endemic to South Africa and Swaziland.

   Scelotes brevipes  Hewitt, 1925
Occurs in the lowveld and Lubombo regions, absent from the highveld and middleveld. Previously unrecorded, currently three localities recorded. This species is endemic to South Africa and Swaziland.

   Mabuya quinquetaeniata margaritifer (Peters, 1854)
   (Rainbow rock skink)
Occurs throughout the country in the highveld, middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions. In the highveld this form is restricted to the lower regions in the larger, warmer valleys. Previously unrecorded, currently one locality recorded as well as several sight records.

   Mabuya capensis  (Gray, 1830)
   (Cape skink)
This species has a limited distribution in western Swaziland where it is restricted to the highveld region. Previously unrecorded, currently one locality recorded.

   Mabuya varia  (Peters, 1867)
   (Variable skink)
Occurs throughout the country in highveld, middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions. Previously unrecorded, currently seven localities recorded.

   Mabuya striata striata (Peters, 1844)
   (Common striped skink)
Occurs in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions, absent from the highveld. FitzSimons (1943) listed Mabuya striata from one locality in the southern middleveld. This material is referable to M. striata punctatissima. Currently four localities of the typical form are recorded.

   Mabuya striata punctatissima (Smith, 1849)
   (Highveld striped skink)
Occurs in the highveld region, absent from the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions. Previously unrecorded, currently three localities recorded.

   Lygosoma sundevallii  (Smith, 1849)
Occurs in the lowveld region. Previously unrecorded, currently one locality recorded.

   Panaspis wahlbergii  (Smith, 1849)
   (Wahlberg's dwarf skink)
Occurs throughout the country in the highveld, middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions. Previously unrecorded, currently five localities recorded.

   Acontias plumbeus  Bianconi, 1849
   (Giant legless skink)
Occurs throughout the country in the highveld, middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions. Previously two localities listed (FitzSimons 1943), currently six localities recorded.

Cordylidae (girdled and crag lizards)

   Gerrhosaurus validus validus Smith, 1849
   (Giant plated lizard)
Occurs throughout the country in the highveld, middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions. In the highveld confined to the larger, warmer valleys. Previously unrecorded, currently two localities recorded. Also several sight records.

   Gerrhosaurus flavigularis flavigularis Wiegmann, 1828
   (Yellow-throated plated lizard)
Occurs throughout the country in the highveld, middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions. Previously unrecorded, currently five localities recorded.

   Gerrhosaurus major major Dumeril, 1851
   (Rough-scaled plated lizard)
Occurs in the middleveld and lowveld regions. Previously unrecorded, currently known from three sight records only. No voucher specimens collected to date.

   Tetradactylus africanus africanus (Gray, 1838)
Only known from the middleveld region. Previously unrecorded, currently one locality recorded. This form is endemic to South Africa, Swaziland and southern Mozambique.

   Chamaesaura aenea (Wiegmann) Fitzinger, 1843
   (Transvaal grass lizard)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Near Threatened
   Southern African Red Data Status: Not listed
   International Red Data Status: Not listed
Only known from the highveld region. Previously unrecorded, currently one locality recorded. This species occurs sympatrically with C. anguina in parts of the highveld. The species is endemic to South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland.

   Chamaesaura anguina anguina (Linnaeus, 1758)
   (Cape grass lizard)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Near Threatened
   Southern African Red Data Status: Not listed
   International Red Data Status: Not listed
Occurs in the highveld and middleveld regions (rare in the latter), absent from the lowveld and Lubombo regions. Previously one locality listed (FitzSimons 1943), currently three localities recorded. This form is endemic to South Africa and Swaziland.

   Chamaesaura macrolepis macrolepis (Cope, 1862)
Occurs throughout the country in the highveld, middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions. Rare in the highveld. Previously one locality listed (FitzSimons 1943), currently three localities recorded. This form is endemic to South Africa and Swaziland with a relict population in eastern Zimbabwe.

   Cordylus warreni warreni (Boulenger, 1908)
   (Warren's girdled lizard)
Restricted to the Lubombo region, this form has a limited distribution in Swaziland. Previously unrecorded, currently two localities recorded. Also two sight records. This form is endemic to the Lubombo Mountains of South Africa and Swaziland.

   Cordylus warreni barbertonensis (van Dam, 1921)
   (Barberton girdled lizard)
   (SiSwati: chakazane)
Occurs in the middleveld, absent from the highveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions. Previously one locality listed (FitzSimons 1943), currently two localities recorded. This form is endemic to South Africa and Swaziland.

   Cordylus tropidosternum jonesii (Boulenger, 1891)
   (Jones' girdled lizard)
Restricted to the lowveld region, this form has a limited distribution in Swaziland. Previously unrecorded, currently one locality recorded. Also an additional sight record.

   Cordylus vittifer vittifer (Reichenow, 1887)
   (Transvaal girdled lizard)
   (SiSwati: chakazane)
Occurs throughout the country in the highveld, middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions, less common in the middleveld and lowveld. Previously one locality listed (FitzSimons 1943), currently eight localities recorded.

   Pseudocordylus melanotus transvaalensis FitzSimons, 1943
Restricted to the highveld region, this species has a limited distribution in western Swaziland. Previously one locality listed (FitzSimons 1943), currently two localities recorded. This form is endemic to South Africa and Swaziland.

   Platysaurus intermedius natalensis FitzSimons, 1948
Restricted to the middleveld region, this species has a limited distribution in Swaziland. Previously one locality (as P. wilhelmi) listed (FitzSimons 1943), currently three localities recorded. This form is endemic to South Africa and Swaziland.

   Platysaurus intermedius subsp. 
   (Lubombo flat lizard)
Restricted to the Lubombo region, this species has a limited distribution in Swaziland. Previously unrecorded, currently five localities recorded. This form, which was formerly confused with P. i. wilhelmi, is endemic to the Lubombo Mountains of South Africa and Swaziland.

Gerrhosauridae (plated lizards)

Typhlopidae (blind snakes)

   Typhlops bibronii  (Smith, 1846)
   (Bibron's blind snake)
Occurs in the highveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions, uncommon in the lowveld. Previously one locality listed (Broadley 1983), currently five localities recorded.

   Typhlops schlegelii schlegelii Bianconi, 1850
   (Giant blind snake)
Occurs in the middleveld and lowveld regions, absent from the highveld and Lubombo regions. Previously eight localities listed (Broadley 1983), currently nine localities recorded.

Leptotyphlopidae (worm snakes)

   Leptotyphlops longicaudus  (Peters, 1854)
   (Long-tailed worm snake)
Only known from the highveld region. Previously one locality listed (Broadley 1983). No further collections made.

   Leptotyphlops conjunctus conjunctus (Jan, 1861)
   (Cape worm snake)
   (SiSwati: umtfwana wenyoka lengaboni)
Occurs in the highveld region, absent from the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions. Previously two localities listed (Broadley 1983), currently three localities recorded. This form is endemic to South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland.

   Leptotyphlops conjunctus incognitus Broadley and Watson, 1976
   (Worm snake)
Occurs in the middleveld and lowveld regions, absent from the highveld and Lubombo regions. Previously three localities listed (Broadley 1983), currently four localities recorded.

   Leptotyphlops scutifrons scutifrons (Peters, 1854)
Occurs in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions, absent from the highveld region. Previously three localities listed (Broadley 1983), currently four localities recorded.

   Leptotyphlops telloi  Broadley and Watson, 1976
   (Tello's worm snake)
Restricted to the Lubombo region, this species has a limited distribution in Swaziland. Previously two localities listed (Broadley 1983), currently three localities recorded. This species is endemic to the Lubombo mountains of Swaziland and southern Mozambique.

Boidae (pythons and boas)

   Python sebae natalensis Smith, 1840
   (Southern African python)
   (SiSwati: inhlatfu)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Vulnerable
   Southern African Red Data Status: Vulnerable
   International Red Data Status: Not listed
Occurs in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions, absent from the highveld region. A few unsubstantiated sightings in the highveld have been reported but these have been restricted to the deeper, warmer, larger river valleys. Previously five localities listed (Broadley 1983), currently seven localities recorded.

Colubridae (typical snakes)

   Lamprophus fuscus  
   (Yellow-bellied house snake)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Data Deficient
   Southern African Red Data Status: Rare
   International Red Data Status: Near Threatened

   Lycodonomorphus laevissimus fitzsimonsi Raw, 1973
   (Northern dusky-bellied water snake)
Restricted to the highveld region this form has a limited distribution in Swaziland. Previously unrecorded, currently only known from two sight records. This form is endemic to South Africa and Swaziland.

   Lycodonomorphus rufulus  (Lichtenstein, 1823)
   (Common brown water snake)
Occurs throughout the country in the highveld, middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions, more common in the highveld. Previously two localities listed (Broadley 1983), currently five localities recorded.

   Lycodonomorphus whytii obscuriventris FitzSimons, 1964
   (Floodplain water snake)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Near Threatened
   Southern African Red Data Status: Peripheral
   International Red Data Status: Not listed
Only known from the northern lowveld region. Previously one locality listed (Broadley 1983), no new localities recorded. The southernmost recorded localities for this form are in Swaziland and Zululand.

   Lamprophis inornatus  Dumeril and Bibron, 1854
   (Olive house snake)
Restricted to the highveld region, this species has a limited distribution in Swaziland. Previously unrecorded, currently three localities recorded. This species is endemic to South Africa and Swaziland.

   Lamprophis guttatus  (Smith, 1843)
   (Spotted house snake)
Occurs in the highveld, middleveld and Lubombo regions, absent from the lowveld. Previously three localities listed (Broadley 1983), currently four localities recorded. This species is endemic to South Africa, Swaziland and southern Mozambique. Outlying populations are found in southern Namibia.

   Lamprophis fuliginosus  (Boie, 1827)
   (Brown house snake)
Occurs throughout the country in the highveld, middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions, less common in the highveld. Previously six localities listed (Broadley 1983), currently eleven localities recorded.

   Lamprophis swazicus  Schaefer, 1970
   (Swazi rock snake)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Data Deficient
   Southern African Red Data Status: Rare
   International Red Data Status: Near Threatened
Restricted to the highveld region this species has a limited distribution in Swaziland. Previously three localities listed (Broadley 1983), no new localities recorded. This species is endemic to South Africa and Swaziland. The type locality of the species, which is Forbes Reef (Schaefer 1970), is located in Malolotja Nature Reserve.

   Lycophidion capense capense (Smith, 1831)
   (Cape wolf snake)
Occurs throughout the country in the highveld, middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions. Previously two localities listed (Broadley 1983), currently six localities recorded.

   Lycophidion variegatum  Broadley, 1969
   (Variegated wolf snake)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Data Deficient
   Southern African Red Data Status: Peripheral
   International Red Data Status: Not listed
Only known from the northern Lubombo region. Previously unrecorded, currently one locality recorded.

   Mehelya capensis capensis (Smith, 1847)
   (Cape file snake)
Occurs in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions, absent from the highveld. Previously three localities listed (Broadley 1983), currently six localities recorded.

   Mehelya nyassae  (Gunther, 1888)
Only known from the lowveld region. Previously one locality listed (Broadley 1983), currently two localities recorded as well as two additional sight records.

   Duberria lutrix lutrix (Linnaeus, 1758)
   (Southern slug-eater)
Occurs in the highveld and western middleveld regions (rare in the latter), absent from the lowveld and Lubombo regions. Previously four localities listed (Broadley 1983), currently six localities recorded. This form is endemic to South Africa and Swaziland.

   Pseudaspis cana  (Linnaeus, 1754)
   (Mole snake)
   (SiSwati: umdlume)
Occurs throughout the country in the highveld, middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions. Previously four localities listed (Broadley 1983), currently eleven localities recorded.

   Psammophylax rhombeatus rhombeatus (Linnaeus, 1754)
   (Rhombic skaapsteker)
Occurs in the highveld and middleveld regions, absent from the lowveld and Lubombo regions. Previously three localities listed (Broadley 1983), two of which have been substantiated by additional material. No new localities recorded.

   Psammophis subtaeniatus subtaeniatus Peters, 1854
   (Yellow-bellied sand snake)
Occurs in the lowveld and Lubombo regions, absent from the highveld and middleveld regions. Previously unrecorded, currently two localities recorded, as well as two additional sight records.

   Psammophis sibilans brevirostris Peters, 1881
   (Short-snouted grass snake)
Occurs in the highveld, middleveld and Lubombo regions, not yet recorded from the lowveld region. Previously one locality listed (Broadley 1983), currently five localities recorded.

   Psammophis phillipsii  (Hallowell, 1844)
   (Olive grass snake)
Occurs throughout the country in the highveld, middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions. Previously three localities listed (Broadley 1983), currently eight localities recorded.

   Psammophis crucifer  (Daudin, 1803)
   (Cross-marked grass snake)
Restricted to the highveld region this species has a limited distribution in Swaziland. Previously unrecorded, currently three localities recorded. This species is endemic to South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland. A relict population of this species is found in eastern Zimbabwe.

   Aparallactus lunulatus lunulatus (Peters, 1854)
Only known from the northern lowveld. Previously unrecorded, currently known from a single sight record. This record represents the southernmost locality for this form.

   Aparallactus capensis  (Smith, 1849)
   (Cape centipede-eater)
Occurs throughout the country in the highveld, middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions. Previously two localities listed (Broadley 1983), currently five localities recorded.

   Amblyodipsas concolor  (Smith, 1849)
   (Natal purple-glossed snake)
Only known from the northern Lubombo region. Previously unrecorded, currently one locality recorded. This species is endemic to South Africa and Swaziland.

   Amblyodipsas polylepis polylepis (Bocage, 1873)
Occurs in the lowveld region, absent from the highveld, middleveld and Lubombo regions. Previously three localities listed (Broadley 1983), currently five localities recorded as well as an additional sight record.

   Homoroselaps lacteus  (Linnaeus, 1754)
   (Spotted harlequin snake)
Occurs in the highveld region, absent from the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions. Previously unrecorded, currently only known from two sight records. This species is endemic to South Africa and Swaziland.

   Homoroselaps dorsalis  (Smith, 1849)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Data Deficient
   Southern African Red Data Status: Rare
   International Red Data Status: Not listed
Occurs in the highveld region, absent from the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions. Previously one locality listed (Broadley 1983), no new localities recorded. This species is endemic to South Africa and Swaziland.

   Atractaspis bibronii  Smith, 1849
   (Bibron's burrowing asp)
Occurs throughout the country in the highveld, middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions. Previously three localities listed (Broadley 1983), currently five localities recorded.

   Prosymna sundevallii lineata (Peters, 1871)
Only known from the northern lowveld region. Previously unrecorded, currently one locality recorded. The southernmost recorded localities for this form are in Swaziland and Zululand.

   Prosymna ambigua stuhlmannii (Pfeffer, 1893)
Occurs in the lowveld and Lubombo regions, absent from the highveld and middleveld regions. Previously one locality listed (Broadley 1983), currently three localities recorded as well as three additional sight records.

   Meizodon semiornatus  (Peters, 1854)
   (Semiornate snake)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Near Threatened
   Southern African Red Data Status: Peripheral
   International Red Data Status: Not listed
Only known from the lowveld region. Previously one locality listed (Broadley 1983). Currently two localities recorded, one of which is a sight record. The southernmost recorded localities for this species are in Swaziland and Zululand.

   Philothamnus hoplogaster  (Gunther, 1863)
   (Green water snake)
Occurs in the highveld, middleveld and lowveld regions, not yet recorded from the Lubombo region. Previously two localities listed (Broadley 1983), currently seven localities recorded.

   Philothamnus natalensis natalensis (Smith, 1848)
Occurs in the lowveld and Lubombo regions, absent from the highveld and middleveld regions. Previously one locality listed (Broadley 1983), currently three localities recorded.

   Philothamnus natalensis occidentalis Broadley, 1966
   (Western Natal green snake)
Occurs in the highveld region, absent from the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions. Previously unrecorded, currently one locality recorded as well as an additional sight record. One specimen from the lowveld region is considered an intergrade between natalensis and occidentalis by Broadley (1983).

   Philothamnus semivariegatus semivariegatus (Smith, 1840)
   (Spotted bush snake)
Occurs throughout the country in the highveld, middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions. Previously two localities listed (Broadley 1983), currently nine localities recorded.

   Crotaphopeltis hotamboeia  (Laurenti, 1768)
   (Herald snake)
Occurs throughout the country in the highveld, middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions. Previously five localities listed (Broadley 1983), currently seven localities recorded.

   Dipsadoboa aulica aulica (Gunther, 1864)
   (Marbled tree snake)
Only known from the lowveld region, absent from the highveld, middleveld and Lubombo regions. Previously three localities listed (Broadley 1983), currently four localities recorded as well as five additional sight records.

   Telescopus semiannulatus semiannulatus Smith, 1849
Occurs in the middleveld and lowveld regions, absent from the highveld and Lubombo regions. Previously four localities listed (Broadley 1983), currently eight localities recorded.

   Dispholidus typus typus (Smith, 1829)
   (Boomslang)
Occurs throughout the country in the highveld, middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions. Previously four localities listed (Broadley 1983), currently eight localities recorded as well as several additional sight records.

   Thelotornis capensis capensis Smith, 1849
   (Southern vine snake)
Occurs throughout the country in the highveld, middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions, less common in the highveld. Previously three localities listed (Broadley 1983), currently four localities recorded as well as several additional sight records.

   Dasypeltis inornata  Smith, 1849
   (Brown egg-eater)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Near Threatened
   Southern African Red Data Status: Not listed
   International Red Data Status: Not listed
Only known from the highveld and western middleveld regions. Previously one locality listed (Broadley 1983), currently two localities recorded. This species is endemic to South Africa and Swaziland.

   Dasypeltis scabra  (Linnaeus, 1758)
   (Rhombic egg-eater)
Occurs throughout the country in the highveld, middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions. Previously three localities listed (Broadley 1983), currently ten localities recorded.

Elapidae (cobras and mambas)

   Elapsoidea sundevallii sundevallii (Smith, 1848)
An old Transvaal Museum specimen from "Swaziland" is listed by Broadley (1983). No further collections have been made. Two other Transvaal Museum specimens come from localities near the Swaziland border and it is likely that the Swaziland specimen originated from the south-western part of the country, possibly Nhlangano (= Goedgegun). This form is endemic to South Africa and Swaziland.

   Elapsoidea sundevallii decosteri Boulenger, 1888
Only known from the lowveld region. Previously one locality listed (Broadley 1983), currently two localities recorded one of which is a sight record. This form is endemic to Zululand, Swaziland and southern Mozambique.

   Elapsoidea semiannulata boulengeri Boettger, 1895
Only known from the lowveld region. Previously one locality listed (Broadley 1983), currently two localities recorded one of which is a sight record.

   Hemachatus haemachatus  (Lacepede, 1788)
   (Rinkhals)
   (SiSwati: phemphetwane)
Restricted to the highveld region this species has a limited distribution in Swaziland. One record from the western middleveld exists which represents the only previous record (Broadley 1983). Currently two localities recorded as well as two additional sight records. This species is endemic to South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland. A relict population of this species is found in eastern Zimbabwe.

   Aspidelaps scutatus intermedius Broadley, 1968
Only known from the lowveld region, absent from the highveld, middleveld and Lubombo regions. Previously unrecorded, currently two localities recorded. This form is endemic to South Africa and Swaziland.

   Naja haje annulifera Peters, 1854
Occurs in the middleveld and lowveld regions, absent from the highveld and Lubombo regions. Previously four localities listed (Broadley 1983), currently five localities recorded as well as three additional sight records.

   Naja mossambica  Peters, 1854
   (Mozambique spitting cobra)
   (SiSwati: imfeti)
Occurs throughout the country in the highveld, middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions, less common in the highveld. Previously four localities listed (Broadley 1983), currently eleven localities recorded.

   Dendroaspis polylepis  Gunther, 1864
   (Black mamba)
   (SiSwati: imamba)
Occurs in the eastern middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions, absent from the highveld and western middleveld regions. Previously two localities listed (Broadley 1983), currently five localities recorded as well as several additional sight records.

Viperidae (adders)

   Causus rhombeatus  (Lichtenstein, 1823)
   (Rhombic night adder)
Occurs in the highveld and middleveld regions, absent from the lowveld and Lubombo regions. Previously three localities listed (Broadley 1983), currently five localities recorded.

   Causus defilippii  (Jan, 1862)
   (Snouted night adder)
Occurs in the lowveld and Lubombo regions, absent from the highveld and middleveld. Previously one locality listed (Broadley 1983), currently three localities recorded.

   Bitis atropos  (Linnaeus, 1754)
   (Berg adder)
Restricted to the highveld region this species has a limited distribution in Swaziland. Previously three localities listed (Haagner and Hurter 1988), currently five localities recorded.

   Bitis arietans arietans (Merrem, 1820)
   (Puff adder)
   (SiSwati: libululu)
Occurs throughout the country in the highveld, middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions. Previously seven localities listed (Broadley 1983), currently nine localities recorded as well as several additional sight records.

Pelomedusidae (terrapins)

   Pelomedusa subrufa  (Lacepede, 1788)
   (Helmeted terrapin)
Occurs throughout the country in the highveld, middleveld and lowveld regions, quite rare in the highveld. Previously unrecorded, currently two localities recorded. Also several sight records.

   Pelusios sinuatus  (Smith, 1838)
   (Serrated hinged terrapin)
Occurs in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions. Previously one sight record was listed (Broadley 1981a). No collections made during current survey, only several sight records.

Testudinidae (terrestrial tortoises)

   Geochelone pardalis  (Bell, 1828)
   (Leopard tortoise)
Occurs in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions, absent from the highveld. Previously unrecorded, currently known from several sight records, mostly in the lowveld and Lubombo regions.

   Kinixys belliana spekii Gray, 1863
   (Savanna hinged tortoise)
Occurs in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions, absent from the highveld. Previously three localities listed (Broadley, 1981b), currently five localities recorded. Also a few sight records. The taxonomic status of this form is being reviewed (D. Broadley pers. comm.).

   Kinixys natalensis  Hewitt, 1935
   (Natal hinged tortoise)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Near Threatened
   Southern African Red Data Status: Rare
   International Red Data Status: Near Threatened
Restricted to the Lubombo region this species has a limited distribution in Swaziland. Previously two sight records listed (Broadley 1981b). An additional sight record added during the current survey. No voucher specimens collected to date. This species occurs sympatrically with K. belliana spekii in parts of the Lubombo mountains (Boycott and Jacobsen 1988). K. natalensis is endemic to South Africa, Swaziland and southern Mozambique.

Crocodylidae (alligators and crocodiles)

   Crocodylus niloticus  Laurenti, 1768
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Vulnerable
   Southern African Red Data Status: Vulnerable
   International Red Data Status: Not listed
Occurs in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions, being rare in the middleveld. In the Lubombo region the species occurs commonly in the major river gorges penetrating the Lubombo mountains.




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