Home biodiv Cultural Resources Nature Reserves Biodiversity Programmes Legislation Search

Expand all ~ Collapse all


SWAZILAND'S BIODIVERSITY: Swaziland's Mammals Checklist


Macroscelididae (Elephant shrews)

   Elephantulus myurus  
   (Rock elephant shrew)

   Elephantulus brachyrhynchus  
   (Short-snouted elephant-shrew)

Soricidae (Shrews)

   Crocidura gracilipes  
   (Peters' musk shrew)

   Crocidura bicolor  
   (Tiny musk shrew)

   Myosorex varius  
   (Forest shrew)

   Myosorex cafer  
   (Dark-footed forest shrew)

   Suncus lixus  
   (Greater dwarf shrew)

   Suncus infinitesimus  
   (Least dwarf shrew)

   Crocidura flavescens  
   (Greater musk shrew)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Least Concern
   Southern African Red Data Status: Not listed
   International Red Data Status: Vulnerable

   Crocidura cyanea  
   (Reddish grey musk shrew)

   Crocidura hirta  
   (Lesser red musk shrew)

   Crocidura mariquensis  
   (Swamp musk shrew)

   Crocidura maquassiensis  
   (Maquassie musk shrew)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Data Deficient
   Southern African Red Data Status: Indeterminate
   International Red Data Status: Not listed

   Crocidura fuscomurina  
   (Tiny musk shrew)

   Crocidura silacea  
   (Peters' musk shrew)

Chrysochloridae (Golden moles)

   Amblysomus hottentotus  
   (Hottentot's golden mole)
   Southern African Red Data Status: Southern African endemic

Pteropodidae (Fruit bats)

   Rousettus aegyptiacus  
   (Egyptian fruit bat)

   Epomophones wahlbergi  
   (Wahlberg's epauletted fruit bat)

   Epomophorus wahlbergi  
   (Wahlberg's epauletted fruit bat)

   Epomophorus crypturus  
   (Peters' epauletted fruit bat)

Emballonuridae (Sheath-tailed bats)

   Taphozous mauritianus  
   (Tomb bat)

Molossidae (Free tailed bats)

   Tadarida condylura  
   (Angola free-tailed bat)

   Tadarida pumila  
   (Little free-tailed bat)

   Tadarida aegyptiaca  
   (Egyptian free tailed bat)

Vespertilionidae (Vesper bats)
Miniopterinae 


   Scotophilus viridis  
   (Lesser yellow house bat)

   Eptesicus zuluensis  
   (Aloe serotine bat)

   Chalinolobis variegatus  
   (Butterfly bat)

   Miniopterus schreibersii  
   (Schreibers' long fingered bat)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Near Threatened
   Southern African Red Data Status: Not listed
   International Red Data Status: Near Threatened

   Miniopterus fraterculus  
   (Lesser long-fingered bat)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Near Threatened
   Southern African Red Data Status: Not listed
   International Red Data Status: Near Threatened

   Nycticeius schlieffenii  
   (Schlieffen's bat)

   Scotophilus dinganii  
   (Yellow house bat)

Vespertilionidae (Vesper bats)
Vespertilioninae 


   Myotis tricolor  
   (Temminck's hairy bat)

   Pipistrellus nanus  
   (Banana bat)

   Pipistrellus kuhlii  
   (Kuhl's bat)

   Eptesicus capensis  
   (Cape serotine bat)

Nycteridae (Slit faced bats)

   Nycteris thebaica  
   (Common slit faced bat)

Rhinolophidae (Horseshoe bats)

   Rhinolophus clivorus  
   (Geoffroy's horseshoe bat)

   Rhinolophus darlingi  
   (Darling's horseshoe bat)

   Rhinolophus simulator  
   (Bushveld horseshoe bat)

Hipposideridae (Trident and leaf-nosed bats)

   Hipposideros caffer  
   (Sundevall's leaf-nosed bat)

   Cleotis percivali  
   (Short-eared trident bat)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Data Deficient
   Southern African Red Data Status: Indeterminate
   International Red Data Status: Near Threatened

Cercopithecidae (Monkeys and baboons)

   Cercopithecus mitis  
   (Samango monkey)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Endangered
   Southern African Red Data Status: Rare
   International Red Data Status: Not listed

   Papio ursinus  
   (Chacma baboon)
   (SiSwati: Imfene)

   Cercopithecus aethiops pygerythrus 
   (Vervet monkey)
   (SiSwati: Ingobiyane)

Lorisidae (Bushbabies)
Galaginae 


   Galago senegalensis  
   (Lesser bushbaby)

   Galago crassicaudatus  
   (Thick tailed bushbaby)

Manidae (Pangolin)

   Manis temminckii  
   (Pangolin)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Endangered
   Southern African Red Data Status: Vulnerable
   International Red Data Status: Near Threatened

Leporidae (Hares and rabbits)

   Pronolagus crassicaudatus  
   (Natal red rock rabbit)

   Lepus saxatilis  
   (Scrub hare)
   (SiSwati: Logwaja)

Bathyergidae (Molerats)

   Cryptomys hottentotus  
   (Common molerat)

Hystricidae (Porcupines)

   Hystrix africaeaustralis  
   (Porcupine)

Gliridae (Dormice)

   Graphiurus platyops  
   (Rock dormouse)

   Graphiurus murinus  
   (Woodland dormouse)

Thryonomyidae (Canerats)

   Thryonomys swinderianus  
   (Greater canerat)

Cricetidae and Muridae (Rats and mice)
Otomyinae 


   Otomys laminatus  
   (Laminate vlei rat)
   Southern African Red Data Status: Southern African endemic

   Otomys angoniensis  
   (Angoni vlei rat)

   Otomys irroratus  
   (Vlei rat)

Cricetidae and Muridae (Rats and mice)
Murinae 


   Thamnomys dolichurus  
   (Woodland mouse)

   Thamnomys cometes  
   (Mozambique woodland mouse)

   Aethomys namaquensis  
   (Namaqua rock mouse)

   Aethomys chrysophilus  
   (Red veld rat)

   Dasymys incomtus  
   (Water rat)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Vulnerable
   Southern African Red Data Status: Indeterminate
   International Red Data Status: Data Deficient

   Lemniscomys rosalia  
   (Single striped mouse)

   Rhabdomys pumilio  
   (Striped mouse)

   Mus minutoides  
   (Pygmy mouse)

   Mastomys natalensis  
   (Natal multimammate mouse)

   Mastomys coucha  
   (Multimammate mouse)

   Rattus rattus  
   (House rat)
   Exotic

   Thallomys paedulcus  
   (Tree mouse)

Cricetidae and Muridae (Rats and mice)
Gerbillinae 


   Tatera leucogaster  
   (Bushveld gerbil)

Cricetidae and Muridae (Rats and mice)
Cricetinae 


   Mystromys albicaudatus  
   (White tailed mouse)
   Southern African Red Data Status: Endangered (2004)

   Grammomys dolichurus  
   (Woodland mouse)

   Saccostomus campestris  
   (Pouched mouse)

Cricetidae and Muridae (Rats and mice)
Dendromurinae 


   Dendromus melanotis  
   (Grey climbing mouse)

   Dendromus mesomelas  
   (Brant's climbing mouse)

   Dendromus mystacalis  
   (Chestnut climbing mouse)

   Steatomys pratensis  
   (Fat mouse)

Hyaenidae (Aardwolf and hyaenas)

   Hyaena brunnea  
   (Brown hyaena)

   Proteles cristatus  
   (Aardwolf)
   (SiSwati: Singce)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Near Threatened
   Southern African Red Data Status: Not listed
   International Red Data Status: Not listed

   Crocuta crocuta  
   (Spotted hyaena)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Vulnerable
   Southern African Red Data Status: Not listed
   International Red Data Status: Conservation-dependent

Felidae (Cats)

   Acinonyx jubatus  
   (Cheetah)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Regionally Extinct
   Southern African Red Data Status: Out of Danger
   International Red Data Status: Vulnerable
Reintroduced to Hlane in 1995

   Panthera pardus  
   (Leopard)
   (SiSwati: Ingwe)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Near Threatened
   Southern African Red Data Status: Rare
   International Red Data Status: Not listed
Reintroduced to Hlane in 1995.

   Panthera leo  
   (Lion)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Near Threatened
   Southern African Red Data Status: Vulnerable
   International Red Data Status: Vulnerable
Reintroduced in 1994 to Hlane.

   Felis serval  
   (Serval)
   (SiSwati: Indloti)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Near Threatened
   Southern African Red Data Status: Rare
   International Red Data Status: Not listed

   Felis caracal  
   (Caracal)

   Felis lybica  
   (African wild cat)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Data Deficient
   Southern African Red Data Status: Vulnerable
   International Red Data Status: Not listed

Canidae (Foxes, wild dog and jackals)

   Lycaon pictus  
   (African wild dog)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Regionally Extinct
   Southern African Red Data Status: Endangered
   International Red Data Status: Endangered

   Vulpes chama  
   (Cape fox)

   Canis adustus  
   (Side-striped jackal)

   Canis mesomelas  
   (Blackbacked jackal)
   (SiSwati: Jakalazi)

Mustelidae (Otters, polecats, weasels, honey badger)

   Aonyx capensis  
   (Cape clawless otter)

   Mellivora capensis  
   (Honey badger)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Vulnerable
   Southern African Red Data Status: Vulnerable
   International Red Data Status: Not listed

   Ictonyx striatus  
   (Striped polecat)

   Poecilogale albinucha  
   (Striped weasel)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Near Threatened
   Southern African Red Data Status: Rare
   International Red Data Status: Not listed

Viverridae (Mongooses, civets, genets and suricate)

   Genetta genetta  
   (Small spotted genet)

   Civettictis civetta  
   (African civet)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Near Threatened
   Southern African Red Data Status: Rare
   International Red Data Status: Not listed

   Genetta tigrina  
   (Large spotted genet)

   Herpestes ichneumon  
   (Large gray mongoose)

   Galerella sanguinea  
   (Slender mongoose)

   Rhynchogale melleri  
   (Meller's mongoose)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Data Deficient
   Southern African Red Data Status: Vulnerable
   International Red Data Status: Not listed

   Ichneumia albicauda  
   (White tailed mongoose)

   Atilax paludinosus  
   (Water mongoose)

   Mungos mungo  
   (Banded mongoose)

   Helogale parvula  
   (Dwarf mongoose)

Orycteropodidae (Antbear)

   Orycteropus afer  
   (Antbear)

Elephantidae (Elephants)

   Loxodonta africana  
   (Elephant)
   (SiSwati: Indlovu)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Near Threatened
   Southern African Red Data Status: Out of Danger
   International Red Data Status: Endangered

Procaviidae (Dassies)

   Procavia capensis  
   (Rock dassie)
   (SiSwati: Imbila)

Rhinocerotidae (Rhinoceroses)

   Ceratotherium simum  
   (Square-lipped (white) rhinoceros)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Vulnerable
   Southern African Red Data Status: Not listed
   International Red Data Status: Near Threatened

   Diceros bicornis minor 
   (Hook-lipped (black) rhinoceros)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Endangered
   Southern African Red Data Status: Vulnerable
   International Red Data Status: Critically Endangered

Equidae (Zebras)

   Equus burchelli antiquorus 
   (Burchells zebra)
   (SiSwati: Lidvuba)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Least Concern
   Southern African Red Data Status: Not listed
   International Red Data Status: Not listed

Suidae (Pigs)

   Potamochoerus porcus  
   (Bush pig)
   (SiSwati: Ingulube)

   Phacochoerus aethiopicus  
   (Warthog)
   (SiSwati: Budzayikatane)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Least Concern
   Southern African Red Data Status: Not listed
   International Red Data Status: Not listed

Hippopotamidae (Hippopotamuses)

   Hippopotamus amphibius  
   (Hippopotamus)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Vulnerable
   Southern African Red Data Status: Rare
   International Red Data Status: Not listed

Giraffidae (Giraffe)

   Giraffa camelopardalis  
   (Giraffe)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Near Threatened
   Southern African Red Data Status: Not listed
   International Red Data Status: Conservation-dependent

Bovidae (Buffalo, wildebeest and buck)
Alcelaphinae (Wildebeest, hartebeest and blesbok)


   Hippotragus equinus  
   (Roan antelope)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Near Threatened
   Southern African Red Data Status: Endangered
   International Red Data Status: Conservation-dependent

   Hippotragus niger  
   (Sable)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Near Threatened
   Southern African Red Data Status: Vulnerable
   International Red Data Status: Conservation-dependent

   Damaliscus lunatus  
   (Tsessebe)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Near Threatened
   Southern African Red Data Status: Rare
   International Red Data Status: Conservation-dependent

   Sigmoceros lichtensteinii  
   (Lichtenstein's hartebeest)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Regionally Extinct
   Southern African Red Data Status: Regionally Extinct
   International Red Data Status: Conservation-dependent

   Connochaetes gnou  
   (Black wildebeest)
   (SiSwati: Lugongonyane)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Least Concern
   Southern African Red Data Status: Not listed
   International Red Data Status: Conservation-dependent

   Connochaetes taurinus  
   (Blue wildebeest)
   (SiSwati: Ingongoni)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Least Concern
   Southern African Red Data Status: Not listed
   International Red Data Status: Conservation-dependent

   Alcelaphus buselaphus  
   (Red hartebeest)
   (SiSwati: Umzansi)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Least Concern
   Southern African Red Data Status: Not listed
   International Red Data Status: Conservation-dependent

   Damaliscus dorcus phillipsi 
   (Blesbok)
   (SiSwati: Inoni)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Least Concern
   Southern African Red Data Status: Not listed
   International Red Data Status: Conservation-dependent

Bovidae (Buffalo, wildebeest and buck)
Cephalophinae (Duikers)


   Cephalophus natalensis  
   (Red duiker)
   (SiSwati: Umsumphe)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Near Threatened
   Southern African Red Data Status: Rare
   International Red Data Status: Conservation-dependent

   Sylvicapra grimmia  
   (Grey duiker)
   (SiSwati: Impunzi)

Bovidae (Buffalo, wildebeest and buck)
Antilopinae (Klipspringer, dik dik, oribi, grysbok)


   Oreotragus oreotragus  
   (Klipspringer)
   (SiSwati: Logoga)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Near Threatened
   Southern African Red Data Status: Not listed
   International Red Data Status: Conservation-dependent

   Ourebia ourebi  
   (Oribi)
   (SiSwati: Liwula)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Vulnerable
   Southern African Red Data Status: Vulnerable
   International Red Data Status: Conservation-dependent

   Raphicerus campestris  
   (Steenbok)

   Raphicerus sharpei  
   (Sharpe's grysbok)

Bovidae (Buffalo, wildebeest and buck)
Aepycerotinae (Impala)


   Aepyceros melampus  
   (Impala)
   (SiSwati: Imphala)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Least Concern
   Southern African Red Data Status: Not listed
   International Red Data Status: Conservation-dependent

Bovidae (Buffalo, wildebeest and buck)
Bovinae (Buffalo, kudu, bushbuck)


   Syncerus caffer  
   (Buffalo)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Near Threatened
   Southern African Red Data Status: Not listed
   International Red Data Status: Conservation-dependent

   Tragelaphus angasi  
   (Nyala)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Least Concern
   Southern African Red Data Status: Not listed
   International Red Data Status: Conservation-dependent

   Tragelaphus scriptus  
   (Bushbuck)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Least Concern
   Southern African Red Data Status: Not listed
   International Red Data Status: Not listed

   Tragelaphus strepsiceros  
   (Greater kudu)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Least Concern
   Southern African Red Data Status: Not listed
   International Red Data Status: Conservation-dependent

   Taurotragus oryx  
   (Eland)
   (SiSwati: Mpofu)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Near Threatened
   Southern African Red Data Status: Not listed
   International Red Data Status: Conservation-dependent

Bovidae (Buffalo, wildebeest and buck)
Peleinae (Rhebok)


   Pelea capreolis  
   (Grey rhebok)
   (SiSwati: Liza)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Near Threatened
   Southern African Red Data Status: Not listed
   International Red Data Status: Conservation-dependent

Bovidae (Buffalo, wildebeest and buck)
Reduncinae (Reedbuck, waterbuck, lechwe)


   Redunca arundinum  
   (Common reedbuck)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Near Threatened
   Southern African Red Data Status: Not listed
   International Red Data Status: Conservation-dependent

   Redunca fulvorufula  
   (Mountain reedbuck)
   (SiSwati: Lincala)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Near Threatened
   Southern African Red Data Status: Not listed
   International Red Data Status: Conservation-dependent

   Kobus ellipsiprymnus  
   (Common waterbuck)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Near Threatened
   Southern African Red Data Status: Not listed
   International Red Data Status: Conservation-dependent




QUICK LINKS
Site Map
Contact
Links
Reference Material
Discussions
Updates

RELATED PAGES
Malolotja Mammals
Mantenga Mammals
Mlawula Mammals
SNTC Headquarters: Parliament Road. P O Box 100, Lobamba, Swaziland. Tel: (+268) 2416 1516, 2416 1489, 2416 1179. Fax: (+268) 2416 1875, 2416 1480. Email: info@sntc.org.sz
National Museum:
Tel: (+268) 2416 1179, 2416 1489
Fax: 2416 1875
Email: curator@sntc.org.sz
King Sobhuza II Memorial Park:
Tel: (+268) 2416 1179, 2416 1489
Fax: 2416 1875
Email: ksmp@sntc.org.sz
Malolotja Nature Reserve:
Tel/Fax: (+268) 2444 3241
Reservations: (+268) 7613 3990
Email: malolotjares@sntc.org.sz
Mantenga Nature Reserve:
Tel: (+268) 2416 1151
2416 1178, Fax: 2416 1480
Email: mnr@africaonline.co.sz
Mlawula Nature Reserve:
Tel/Fax: (+268) 2383 8885, 2383 8453
Email: mlawula@sntc.org.sz