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SWAZILAND'S BIODIVERSITY: Swaziland's Reptiles Checklist

Information from "An Annotated Checklist of the Amphibians and Reptiles of Swaziland", by Richard C. Boycott, published by the Conservation Trust of Swaziland, 1992.

Swaziland's Amphibians Database


Pipidae (tongueless frogs)

   Xenopus laevis laevis (Daudin, 1802)
   (Common platanna)
   (SiSwati: siphata)
Occurs throughout the country in the highveld, middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions although less common in the latter two. Previously two localities were listed (Poynton 1964), currently eleven localities recorded.

   Xenopus muelleri  (Peters, 1844)
   (Tropical platanna)
Occurs in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions, absent from the highveld. Previously unrecorded except for photograph in Passmore and Carruthers (1979). Currently eight localities recorded.

Heleophrynidae (ghost frogs)

   Heleophryne natalensis  Hewitt, 1913
   (Natal ghost frog)
Restricted to the highveld region. Previously recorded from Horo Forest (Poynton 1964) but the exact locality is unknown and could be in Swaziland or the Transvaal. Currently four localities recorded. The species is endemic to South Africa and Swaziland.

Bufonidae (typical toads)

   Bufo gariepensis gariepensis Smith, 1848
Restricted to the highveld region. One locality recorded by Poynton (1964), confirmed more recently by two specimens collected in 1977 (Culverwell pers. comm.) and by a photograph in Passmore and Carruthers (1979). No further collections made during current survey. The subspecies is endemic to South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland. The Swaziland record (Mbabane) represents the northernmost locality of this subspecies. Additional material is required to investigate the status of this form.

   Bufo gutturalis  Power, 1929
   (Guttural toad)
   (SiSwati: sigogodvolo)
Occurs throughout the country in the highveld, middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions. Previously one locality (as B. regularis) was listed (Poynton 1964), currently twenty localities recorded.

   Bufo garmani  Meek, 1897
   (Olive toad)
Occurs in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions, absent from the highveld. Previously two localities listed (Poynton 1964), currently twelve localities recorded. Also photographs in Passmore and Carruthers (1979).

   Bufo maculatus  Hallowell, 1854
   (Flat-backed toad)
Occurs in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions, absent from the highveld. Previously unrecorded except for photograph in Passmore and Carruthers (1979). Currently six localities recorded.

   Bufo rangeri  Hewitt, 1935
   (Raucous toad)
   (SiSwati: sigogodvolo)
Restricted to the highveld region. Previously one locality was listed (Poynton 1964), currently two localities recorded. The species is endemic to South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland.

   Bufo fenoulheti fenoulheti Hewitt and Methuen, 1913
   (Transvaal pygmy toad)
Occurs in the lowveld and Lubombo regions, absent from the middleveld and highveld. Previously unrecorded except for photographs (as Bufo vertebralis fenoulheti) in Passmore and Carruthers (1979) and more recently confirmed by a number of sight records (J. Culverwell pers. comm.).

   Schismaderma carens  (Smith, 1848)
   (Red toad)
   (SiSwati: sigogodvolo)
Occurs throughout the country in the highveld, middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions, but infrequently seen on the highveld above 1000 m altitude. Previously one locality was listed (Poynton 1964), currently seventeen localities recorded. Also photograph in Passmore and Carruthers (1979).

Microhylidae (rain frogs)

   Breviceps mossambicus  Peters, 1854
Only known from the Lubombo region. Previously unrecorded except for photographs in Passmore and Carruthers (1979). Locality incorrectly given as Namaacha, should be Lomahasha. One further collection made.

   Breviceps adspersus adspersus Peters, 1882
   (Bushveld rain frog)
Occurs in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions, absent from the highveld. Previously two localities were listed (Poynton 1964), currently five localities recorded.

   Breviceps adspersus pentheri Werner, 1899
   (Rain frog)
   (SiSwati: sinana)
Occurs in the highveld and middleveld regions, absent from the lowveld and Lubombo regions. Previously unrecorded, currently four localities recorded. The subspecies is endemic to South Africa and Swaziland. The taxonomic status of this form is being reviewed (L. Minter pers. comm.)

   Breviceps mossambicus x adspersus  
One specimen from Big Bend in the southern lowveld is the only record for Swaziland. Two more specimens collected during the current survey from the same locality appear to be typical B. adspersus.

   Phrynomerus bifasciatus  (Smith, 1847)
   (Red-banded frog)
Occurs in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions, absent from the highveld. Previously unrecorded, except for photographs in Passmore and Carruthers (1979). Currently eight localities recorded.

Hemisotidae (burrowing frogs)

   Hemisus marmoratum marmoratum (Peters, 1854)
   (Mottled burrowing frog)
Occurs in the middleveld and lowveld regions, absent from the highveld and Lubombo regions. Previously unrecorded, except for photographs in Passmore and Carruthers (1979). Currently three localities recorded.

Ranidae (typical frogs)

   Hildebrandtia ornata  
   (Ornate frog)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Data Deficient
   Southern African Red Data Status: Not listed
   International Red Data Status: Not listed

   Afrana angolensis  Bocage, 1866
   (Common river frog)
   (SiSwati: lishele)
Occurs throughout the country in the highveld, middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions. Previously one locality listed (Poynton 1964), currently sixteen localities recorded.

   Strongylopus grayii grayii (Smith, 1849)
   (Spotted rana)
Confined to the highveld region. Previously unrecorded, currently one locality recorded. This form is restricted to South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland with an isolated population in southern central Namibia (Channing and van Dijk 1976).

   Strongylopus fasciatus fasciatus (Smith, 1849)
   (Striped rana)
Confined to the highveld region. Previously one locality listed (Poynton 1964), currently two localities recorded.

   Ptychadena anchietae  (Bocage, 1867)
   (Savanna ridged frog)
Occurs in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions, absent from the highveld. Previously two localities listed (Poynton 1964), currently seventeen localities recorded. Also photographs in Passmore and Carruthers (1979).

   Ptychadena oxyrhynchus  (Smith, 1849)
   (Sharp-nosed ridged frog)
Occurs throughout the country in the highveld, middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions. Previously unrecorded, currently twelve localities recorded. Sympatric with P. anchietae over much of the latter's range and sympatric with P. porosissima in parts of the highveld.

   Ptychadena mossambica  (Peters, 1854)
   (Mozambique ridged frog)
Occurs in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions, absent from the highveld. Previously unrecorded, except for photographs in Passmore and Carruthers (1979). Currently nine localities recorded. Unmarked individuals occur sporadically throughout the range.

   Ptychadena porosissima  (Steindachner, 1867)
   (Grassland ridged frog)
Restricted to the highveld region. Previously unrecorded, currently three localities recorded.

   Pyxicephalus adspersus adspersus Tschudi, 1838
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Regionally Extinct
   Southern African Red Data Status: Near Threatened
   International Red Data Status: Not listed
Apparently occurring in the highveld region. Previously unrecorded. Only one recent sight record in 1987 from Hawane Dam (V. Parker pers. comm.).

   Pyxicephalus adspersus edulis Peters, 1854
   (Lowveld bullfrog)
Occurs in the middleveld and lowveld regions. Previously unrecorded except for photographs in Passmore and Carruthers (1979) as P. adspersus. The photograph of the "sub-adult" in this book is in fact an adult P. a. edulis. Currently four localities recorded.

   Tomopterna cryptotis  (Boulenger, 1907)
   (Striped sand frog)
Occurs throughout the country but, with a single highveld record, apparently more common in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions. Previously unrecorded except for photograph in Passmore and Carruthers (1979). Currently seven localities recorded.

   Tomopterna krugerensis  Passmore and Carruthers, 1975
   (Sandveld sand frog)
Occurs in the lowveld region. Previously unrecorded, currently one locality recorded. This serves to fill a major gap between Transvaal and Natal localities.

   Tomopterna natalensis  (Smith, 1849)
   (Natal sand frog)
Occurs throughout the country but more common in the highveld and middleveld regions. Previously unrecorded except for photograph in Passmore and Carruthers (1979). Currently eighteen localities recorded. This species is endemic to South Africa, Swaziland and southern Mozambique.

   Hildebrandtia ornata ornata (Peters, 1878)
Restricted to the lowveld region. Previously unrecorded, currently one locality record from the northern lowveld. This record represents the southernmost locality and a considerable range extension for the species (Boycott and La Croix, 1992).

   Phrynobatrachus natalensis  (Smith, 1849)
   (Common puddle frog)
Occurs throughout the country but more common in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions. Previously three localities listed (Poynton 1964), currently thirteen localities recorded. Also photograph in Passmore and Carruthers (1979).

   Phrynobatrachus mababiensis  FitzSimons, 1932
   (Dwarf puddle frog)
Occurs in the middleveld and lowveld regions. Previously unrecorded, currently four localities recorded.

   Cacosternum boettgeri  (Boulenger, 1882)
   (Common dainty frog)
Occurs throughout the country in the highveld, middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions. Previously unrecorded, currently seven localities recorded.

   Cacosternum nanum nanum Boulenger, 1887
   (Bronze dainty frog)
Occurs in the highveld region. Previously unrecorded, currently one locality recorded at 1100 m altitude.

   Cacosternum nanum parvum Poynton, 1963
   (Dwarf dainty frog)
Restricted to the highveld region. Previously unrecorded, currently five localities recorded. This form is endemic to South Africa and Swaziland.

Rhacophoridae (foam nest tree frogs)

   Chiromantis xerampelina  Peters, 1854
   (Foam-nest tree frog)
Occurs in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions, absent from the highveld. Previously one locality listed (Poynton 1964), currently fourteen localities recorded.

Hyperoliidae (reed and running frogs)

   Leptopelis mossambicus  Poynton, 1985
   (Brown-backed tree frog)
Occurs in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions, absent from the highveld. Previously unrecorded, except for photograph in Passmore and Carruthers (1979). Currently twelve localities recorded.

   Kassina maculata  (Dumeril, 1853)
   (Vlei frog)
Occurs in the eastern middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions, absent from the highveld and western middleveld. Previously unrecorded except for photograph in Passmore and Carruthers (1979). Currently two localities recorded.

   Kassina senegalensis  (Dumeril and Bibron, 1841)
   (Running frog)
Occurs throughout the country in the highveld, middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions. Previously unrecorded, except for photograph in Passmore and Carruthers (1979). Currently sixteen localities recorded.

   Semnodactylus wealii  (Boulenger, 1882)
   (Long-toed running frog)
Restricted to the highveld region. Previously unrecorded, currently three localities recorded. Sympatric with Kassina senegalensis at some highveld localities. This species is endemic to South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland.

   Afrixalus aureus  Pickersgill, 1984
   (Golden leaf-folding frog)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Least Concern
   Southern African Red Data Status: Rare
   International Red Data Status: Not listed
Occurs in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions, absent from the highveld. Previously one locality recorded (Pickersgill 1984), currently eight localities recorded. Also photographs in Passmore and Carruthers (1979). This species is restricted to South Africa, Swaziland and southern Mozambique.

   Hyperolius marmoratus taeniatus Peters, 1854
   (Painted reed frog)
Occurs throughout the country in highveld, middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions. Previously one locality recorded (Poynton 1964), currently eighteen localities recorded. Also photographs in Passmore and Carruthers (1979).

   Hyperolius pusillus  (Cope, 1862)
   (Waterlily frog)
Occurs in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions, absent from the highveld. Previously unrecorded, except for photograph in Passmore and Carruthers (1979). Currently five localities recorded. Found sympatrically with H. tuberilinguis over much of its range. An interesting record is that of Piggs Peak in the transition zone between middleveld and highveld at 990 m a.s.l.

   Hyperolius semidiscus  Hewitt, 1927
   (Yellow-striped reed frog)
   Swaziland Red Data Status: Near Threatened
   Southern African Red Data Status: Not listed
   International Red Data Status: Not listed
Apparently occurring in the highveld region. Previously unrecorded except for photograph in Passmore and Carruthers (1979). No further collections made during current survey. The Swaziland record (Mbabane) represents the northernmost locality of this species. The species is endemic to South Africa and Swaziland.

   Hyperolius tuberilinguis  Smith, 1849
   (Green reed frog)
Occurs in the middleveld, lowveld and Lubombo regions, absent from the highveld. Previously unrecorded except for photograph in Passmore and Carruthers (1979). Currently eight localities recorded. A population of these frogs occurs in Piggs Peak (at 990 m a.s.l.) in sympatry with H. pusillus and H. marmoratus. As this represents an unusual locality for H. pusillus and H. tuberilinguis introduction of these populations should not be discounted.




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